For complete beginners to the time period, it is recommended to read introductions to the material first to gain appropriate context:

This is a Translation Project of the Sanguozhi 三國志 Record of Three States, the canonical Chinese Standard History of the Three States era [220-265], from Classical Chinese 文言 to English. The ultimate goal of this project is to eventually produce a translation of the full history. Drafts of translations of excerpts are posted here and made freely available online as proofs of concept. Drafts may be corrected, edited, and/or removed at any time. All translations and drafts are copyright, and are not to be reproduced for commercial purposes. Please do not copy these translations to other websites.

We cannot guarantee perfect accuracy in translations in these drafts. Errors are possible. Submissions of corrections or alternative translations are welcome.


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Lead Translator: Yang Zhengyuan 楊正元

  • 楊正元號少史美國紐約州人也。

Site Administrator: Silver Miner 銀礦

  • 銀礦美國加州人也。姓名不詳 。