For complete beginners to the time period, it is recommended to read introductions to the material first to gain appropriate context:

This is a Translation Project of the Sanguozhi 三國志 Record of Three States, the canonical Chinese Standard History of the Three States era [220-265], from Classical Chinese 文言 to English. The ultimate goal of this project is to eventually produce a translation of the full history. Rough Drafts of translations of excerpts are posted here and made freely available online as proofs of concept. Drafts may be corrected, edited, and/or removed at any time. All translations and drafts are copyright, and are not to be reproduced for commercial purposes. Please do not copy these translations to other websites (this is partially to spare us the embarrassment of seeing any mistakes in our drafts propagate).

We cannot guarantee perfect accuracy in translations in these drafts. Errors are possible. Submissions of corrections or alternative translations are welcome.


If you would like to support this project, we highly recommend shopping our products.

If you really want to, you can donate (not tax deductible) to help cover web hosting costs (Not necessary! The store has so far covered costs.)

We also accept Ethereum: 0x0DcF1c41868c75dBB11F9B7A9A5904371eadFA2D


The Three States Records project is managed by Yáng Zhèngyuán of Ven Research, a subsidiary of the Ven Institute. Other Ven Institute projects include:

(Home Page last updated 2021 Mar 20)