For complete beginners to the time period, it is recommended to read introductions to the material first to gain appropriate context:

This is a Translation Project of the Sanguozhi 三國志 Record of Three States, the canonical Chinese Standard History of the Three States era [220-265], from Classical Chinese 文言 to English. The ultimate goal of this project is to eventually produce a translation of the full history.

Rough Drafts of translations are posted here and made freely available online in a belief that some may find them interesting. They are not suitable for “production” level research. Rough drafts may be corrected, edited, and/or removed at any time. All translations and drafts are copyright, and are not to be reproduced for commercial purposes. Please do not copy these translations to other websites (this is mostly to prevent propagation of translation errors in our drafts). We cannot guarantee perfect accuracy in translations in these drafts. Do not assume any draft translation here is accurate. Submissions of corrections or alternative translations are welcome.

Completed translations our available in our products.


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(Home Page last updated 2021 May 19)