Cáo Xiū appellation Wénliè was Tàizǔ’s [Cáo Cāo’s] cousin’s son. The realm Under Heaven was in chaos, and the clansmen all scattered and left their home village. Xiū was aged over ten years, lost his father, and alone with one retainer carried the body for funeral and burial, led his aged mother, and crossed the Jiāng [Yángzǐ river] to Wú. (1)
- (1) Wèishū “History Book of Wèi” states: Xiū’s grandfather once was Administrator of Wú-jùn. Xīu at the Administrator’s residence saw on the wall his grandfather’s portrait, stopped to pay respects and wept, and those there all praised and sighed in admiration.
Because Tàizǔ raised righteous troops, he changed his surname and personal name to travel to Jīngzhōu, using side paths to return north. He met Tàizǔ, and Tàizǔ said to his attendants: “This is my family’s thousand lǐ colt.” He was sent to stay with Wén-dì [Cáo Pī], and met with treatment like a son. He always followed on campaign, employed as a manager in the Tiger Leopard Cavalry and personal guard.
 Liú Bèi sent his General Wú Lán to camp at Xiàbiàn, Tàizǔ sent Cáo Hóng to attack them, with Xiū as Cavalry Commandant and Advisor to [Cáo] Hóng’s army. Tàizǔ said to Xiū: “Though you are the army’s advisor, in fact you are the commander.” [Cáo] Hóng heard this order, and also entrusted matters to Xiū.
[218, Liú] Bèi sent Zhāng Fēi to camp at Gùshān, wishing to cut off the army’s rear. Everyone discussed and was unsure, and Xiū said: “If the rebels truly were cutting off the road, they would hide troops and move secretly. Now instead they first make noise to show strength, so this cannot be. We should while they are not yet gathered, urgently strike [Wú] Lán. If [Wú] Lán is destroyed then [Zhāng] Fēi will himself flee.” [Cáo] Hóng followed this, advanced troops to strike [Wú] Lán, greatly defeated them, and [Zhāng] Fēi indeed fled.
 Tàizǔ evacuated Hànzhōng, the various armies returned to Cháng’ān, and appointed Xiū as Central Manager of the Army.
 Wén-dì succeeded as King. He became General Managing the Army, and for his achievements from beginning to end was given fief as Marquis of Dōngyáng precinct. Xiàhóu Dūn died, and so Xīu became General Defending the South, with Staff of Authority as Regional Commander over various military affairs. The Imperial Carriage sent him off, and the Ascended then dismounted the carriage and grasped his hand in farewell. Sūn Quán sent Generals to camp at Lìyáng, Xiū arrived, struck and defeated them, and also separately sent troops to cross the Jiāng, burning the enemies at Wúhú camp’s several thousand houses. He was promoted to General Campaigning East and Inspector of Yángzhōu, and advanced in fief to Marquis of Ānyáng village. (2)
- (2) Wèishū states: Xiū in mourning his mother was filial. The Emperor sent Palace Attendants to seize away his mourning clothes and order him to drink wine and eat meat, Xiū received this Imperial Order but his form became even more haggard and sorrowful. He begged to return to Qiáo to bury his mother, and the Emperor again sent Exceeding Cavalry Colonel Xuē to send Imperial Order to reduce his mourning, return home for the funeral, stay one night then complete the burial, and after the burial go to where [the Emperor] was. The Emperor met him, and personally consoled him. He met with love and favor like this.
 The Emperor campaigned against Sūn Quán, and appointed Xiū as General-in-Chief Campaigning East, with Acting Yellow Battle-Ax of Authority to command Zhāng Liáo and others and the various provinces and prefectures’ over twenty armies, striking [Sūn] Quán’s chief general Lǚ Fàn and others at Dòngpǔ, defeating them. He was appointed Governor of Yángzhōu.
 Míng-dì [Cáo Ruì] succeeded. He was advanced in fief to Marquis of Chángpíng. Wú General Shěn Dé camped at Huàn, Xiū attacked and defeated them, taking [Shěn] Dé’s head. Wú Generals Hán Zōng, Zhái Dān, and others from beginning to end led their armies to Xiū to surrender. His fief was increased by 400, adding to the previous to 2500 households, promoted to Marshal-in-Chief, and Regional Commander of Yángzhōu as before.
Tàihé second year , the Emperor along two prongs campaigned against Wú, sending Sīmǎ [Yì] Xuān-wáng to follow the Hàn river downstream, and Xiū to command the various armies against Xúnyáng. The enemy General falsely surrendered, Xiū advanced deeply, battled but was unsuccessful, and retreated back to Shítíng. the army in the night was alarmed, the soldiers were in chaos, and the abandoned armor and heavy supply wagons were very many. Xiū sent up letter apologizing for his guilt, the Emperor sent Garrisoned Cavalry Colonel Yáng Jì to console him, with gifts and rewards many and great. Xiū because of this had sores break out on his back and died, posthumous name Zhuàng-hóu “Robust Marquis.” His son Zhào succeeded. (3)
- (3) Shìyǔ states: Zhào appellation Chángsī.
[Cáo] Zhào had talent and manner renowned in his time, became Cavalier Regular Attendant, and Garrisoned Cavalry Colonel. Míng-dì was lying ill, about to entrust him with King of Yān [Cáo] Yǔ and others with later affairs. The Emperor’s intentions changed, and Imperial Order sent Zhào as a Marquis to return to his fief. During Zhèngshǐ [240-249] he died, posthumously ranked General of the Guard. His son Xīng succeeded. Previously, Wén-dì divided from Xiū’s fief 300 households to give fief to Zhào’s younger brother [Cáo] Zuǎn as full marquis, who later became General Exterminating Wú, died, posthumously ranked General of the Front. (1)
- (1) Zhāng Yǐn’s Wénshìzhùan “Biography of Literary Scholars” states: Zhào’s grandson [Cáo] Shū appellation Yányuǎn when young was strict in intention and conduct, widely learned and had talent and elegance. He served Jìn, recruited to the Office of the Excellencies, became Magistrate of Luòyáng, and for ability had reputation. Marshal-in-Chief and King of Qí [Sīmǎ] Jiǒng assisted the government, and Shū with Zuǒ Sī of Qí together served as Recorder-Commanders. After as a Palace Gentleman he was sent out as Administrator of Xiāngyáng and Major Campaigning South. It happened that the realm Under Heaven was in chaos, Shū suppressed bandits and went against Wú, and in battle was defeated and died.