(55.4) Jiǎng Qīn 蔣欽 [Gōngyì 公奕]

Jiǎng Qīn, appellation Gōngyì, was a Jiǔjiāng Shòuchūn man. When Sūn Cè relied on Yuán Shù, Qīn accompanied as an assistant official. When Cè crossed the river east, he was appointed an Separate Command Major and given troops. With Cè he participated in the pacification of three prefectures, and again followed in the settlement of Yùzhāng. He was transferred to Commandant of Gěyáng, serving three successive County Chiefs, pacifying banditry, then transferred to Commandant in the western division.


In Kuàijī bandits Lǚ Hé, Qín Láng, and others rebelled. Qīn commanded troops and attacked them, captured Hé and Láng, and the five counties were pacified. He was transferred to Internal Cadet-General Suppressing the Yuè, with Jīngjū and Zhāoyáng as his fief. When Hè Qí attacked the Yī bandits, Qīn led ten thousand troops to join forces with Qí, and the Yī bandits were pacified.


He followed in the attack on Héféi [215]. When Wèi General Zhāng Liáo attacked Quán north of the crossing, Qīn fought hard with distinction, was promoted to General Sweeping Away Bandits with authority as Commander of Rúxū. Later he was summoned back to the capital and appointed Right Protector of the Army with responsibility for discipline and litigation.


Quán once entered his inner household. His mother had coarse curtains and drab quilts, and the clothes of his wives and concubines were plain. Quán sighed [in admiration] that a noble could be so frugal, and ordered the treasury to send embroidered quilts to the mother and change the curtains, and dress the wives and concubines all in beautiful clothes.


Previously, Qīn was garrisoned at  Xuānchéng, and once attacked Yùzhāng bandits. Magistrate of Wúhú Xú Shèng arrested one of Qīn’s camp officials, and memorialized to execute him. Quán considered that Qīn was away, and so would not permit it. Because of this Shèng hated Qīn.


When Excellency Cáo attacked Rúxū, Qīn and Lǚ Méng commanded the various armies conservatively. Shèng feared that because of the previous incident he would be harmed, but Qīn always praised his merits. Shèng respected his moral character, and spoke well of him. (1)


  • (1) Jiāngbiǎozhuàn states: Quán said to Qīn: “Shèng previously disliked you, but you now recommend Shèng. Do you wish to emulate Qí Xī?” Qīn replied: “I have heard that when your lordship makes recommendations you do not consider private grudges. Shèng is loyal, industrious, and strong, has courage and resources and tools, and a good commander for ten thousand men. Now when great affairs are not yet settled, I as servant must support the state in recruiting talents. How could I dare for private grudges conceal the worthy?” Quán was very pleased with this.

〔一〕 江表傳曰:權謂欽曰:「盛前白卿,卿今舉盛,欲慕祁奚邪?」欽對曰:「臣聞公舉不挾私怨,盛忠而勤彊,有膽略器用,好萬人督也。今大事未定,臣當助國求才,豈敢挾私恨以蔽賢乎!」權嘉之。

When Quán attacked Guān Yǔ, Qīn commanded the navy and entered the river Miǎn. When he returned, he fell ill on the way and died. Quán wore white mourning clothes and began mourning, and gave 200 households of the people of Wúhú and two hundred qǐng of fields to the wives and children of Qīn.


His son Yī was given fief as Marquis of Xuānchéng. He commanded troops against Liú Bèi with distinction, returned to Nán-jùn and fought with Wèi, and died in battle. Yī had no sons. His younger brother Xiū inherited the troops, but later committed a crime and was dismissed.


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