Xiàhóu Dūn appellation Yuánràng was a Pèi state Qiáo man, Xiàhóu Yīng’s descendant.
At age 14 he was going through his studies, and a man dishonored his teacher. Dūn killed him, and because of this gained reputation for fierce spirit. When Tàizǔ [Cáo Cāo] first raised troops, Dūn always served as his vice commander and followed on campaign. When Tàizǔ became Acting General Exerting Martial Ability , Dūn was his Major, commanding a separate division at Báimǎ, was promoted to Colonel Breaking Charges, with office as Administrator of Dōng prefecture.
When Tàizǔ attacked Táo Qiān , he left Dūn to defend Púyáng. Zhāng Miǎo rebelled and invited Lǚ Bù. Tàizǔ’s family was at Juànchéng, and Dūn led light troops, encountered Bù, and fought battle. Bù retreated, and then entered Púyáng, attacking and capturing Dūn’s military and heavy supplies. He sent officers to falsely surrender, who seized Dūn, ransoming him for treasure, and Dūn’s army was shocked and frightened throughout.
Dūn’s officer Hán Hào then led troops to occupy the gates of Dūn’s camp, convened with the various army commanders, and ordered that all troops stay in their divisions and not move under any circumstances, and so the various camps were settled. Then he went to where Dūn was held, and shouted at the hostage-takers saying: “You despicable traitors dare seize the commanding General, do you not wish to live anymore? We have orders to destroy rebels. How can we for the sake of one General spare you?” Then he shed tears and said to Dūn: “How can we but follow the state’s law?” He hurriedly summoned soldiers to attack the hostage-takers. The hostage-takers were terrified and hurriedly bowed their heads and cried: “We merely desired some wealth to use and go and that is all!” Hào enumerated their crimes and beheaded them all.
Dūn thus escaped. Tàizǔ heard of this, and said to Hào: “You can be an example for the laws of all ages.” Thereafter it was ordered that from then onward if there were hostage-takers, all were to attack without consideration for the hostages. Thereafter there were no more hostage-takers. (1)
- (1) Sūn Shèng states: According to Guāngwǔjì [HHS 1], Jiànwǔ ninth year , bandits captured Noble Lady Yīn’s younger brother of the same mother. Because the officials could not obtain the hostages they pressed on against the bandits, and the bandits killed them [the hostages]. Therefore making joint attacks [disregarding hostages] was already the old system. From the time of Ān and Shùn there was already decline, learning and government decayed, and the sort of hostages taken did not exclude nobility, and among officials there were none who faithfully followed the state’s regulations. Hào was the first to return to beheading them, and therefore Wèi Wǔ [Cáo Cāo] was pleased with him.
Tàizǔ returned from Xú Province. Dūn followed in the campaign against Lǚ Bù, and was struck by an arrow, wounded in the left eye. (1)
- (1) Wèilüè states: When Xiàhóu Yuān and Dūn both were Generals, in the army they called Dūn the “Blind Xiàhóu.” Dūn hated this. When he saw his reflection in the mirror he would rage, then throw the mirror to the ground.
He returned to authority as Administrator of Chénliú and Jìyīn, was promoted to General Establishing Martial Ability, with fief as Marquis of Gāo’ān village. At that time there was a great drought and a rising of locusts. Dūn therefore dammed the Tàishòu river to create a pond, personally carrying soil, and led the officers and soldiers in planting rice paddies, and the people depended on this benefit. He was transferred to authority as Intendant of Hénán.
While Tàizǔ pacified the [Yellow] River’s north, he was the commanding General defending the rear. Yè was captured , and he was promoted to General Overcoming Waves, with authority as Intendant as before, with permission to act on his own discretion without restriction by regulations.
Jiàn’ān twelfth year , in recognition of Dūn’s merits from beginning to end, his fief was increased by 1800 households, adding with the previous to a total of 2500 households.
Twenty-first year  he followed in the campaign against Sūn Quán and returned. Dūn was employed as Regional Commander over twenty-six armies remaining at Jūcháo. He was bestowed with skilled musicians and famed performers. The order said: “Wèi Jiàng for his achievement in making peace with the Róng received the music of metal and stone [chimes], all the more for you General!”
Twenty-fourth year , Tàizǔ led his army to Mó slope, and summoned Dūn to travel with him, to have special permission to meet personally and to enter and leave the inner rooms. Of all the officers, none could compare to this. He was appointed General of the Front (2) to command all the armies returning to Shòuchūn, and he moved his garrison to Shàolíng.
- (2) Wèishū states: When the various officers were all receiving Wèi office titles, Dūn alone was a Hàn official, so he presented a memorial stating that it was improper that he not observe the rites of a subject [of Wèi]. Tàizǔ said: “I have heard that the greatest [ruler-subject relationships] are subjects who are teachers, and next are subjects who are friends. A subject is a man who esteems virtue. When Wèi is so trifling, how can it have you as subject to an inferior master?” Dūn firmly insisted, and so became General of the Front.
When Wén-dì [Cáo Pī] ascended as King, Dūn was appointed General-in-Chief. A few months later he died.
Though Dūn was always traveling with the army, he personally invited teachers to study under. By nature he was honest and frugal. When he had surplus wealth he divided and bestowed it, he did not use his government office for gain, and he did not manage property or business.
His posthumous title was Zhōng-hóu “Loyal Marquis.” His son Chōng succeeded. The Emperor in memorial of Dūn’s achievements wished to make his sons and grandsons all Marquis, divided from Dūn’s fief 1000 households, to confer on Dūn’s seven sons and two grandsons all as Marquis within the Passes. Dūn’s younger brother Lián and son Mào already personally had fiefs as Ranked Marquis.
Previously, Tàizǔ’s daughter was wed as wife to Mào, and was princess of Qīnghé. Mào held positions as Inernal Attendant, in the Secretariat, as General Calming the West and Defending the East, with an Acting Staff of Authority. (1)
- (1) Wèilüè states: [Xiàhóu] Mào, styled Zǐlín was Dūn’s second son. Wén-dì in his youth was close with Mào, and after the ascension appointed him General Calming the West, with a Staff of Authority, succeeding Xiàhóu Yuān’s position as Military Governor Inside the Passes. Mào by nature was not militarily skilled, and liked making a living [through business]. At Tàihé second year , Míng-dì went west on campaign, and there were those who criticized Mào, so he was summoned back to serve the Secretariat. When Mào was in the west, he kept many performers and concubines, and because of this the princess and Mào were on bad terms. Later his younger brothers did not obey proper courtesies, and Mào repeatedly reprimanded them. The younger brothers feared punishment, and so together framed Mào of committing slander, and on behalf of the princess memorialized this, and there was an Imperial Order arresting Mào. The Emperor wished to execute him, and asked the Colonel of Long Rivers Duàn Mò of Jīngzhào. Mò believed: “This is certainly that the princess of Qīnghé and Mào are at odds and has led to false accusations of slander, which cannot be believed. Moreover, [the General] Overcoming Waves had achievements in serving with the Former Emperor in settling the realm. It is suitable to reconsider.” The Emperor agreed and said: “I also believe this.” Therefore he issued an Imperial Order to investigate who composed the memorial for the princess, and it was indeed the younger brothers Zǐzāng and Zǐjiāng who made the false accusations.
Chōng died, and his son Yì succeeded. Yì died, and his son Shào succeeded. (2)
- (2) Jìnyángqiū states: Tàishǐ second year , Marquis of Gāo’ān village Xiàhóu Zuǒ died. He was Dūn’s descendant. The succession line ended. An Imperial Order said: “Dūn had achievements in the founding of Wèi recorded and written on bamboo and silk. It is a tragedy if his memorial shrine shall not receive sacrifice, and one should lament this. And We who received the abdication of Wèi cannot ever forget its outstanding servants! It is proper to select Dūn’s close relatives to continue the fief.”
Hán Hào was a Hénèi man. Pèi state’s Shǐ Huàn and Hào were both known for their loyalty and valor. Hào became Central Protector of the Army and Huàn became Central Director of the Army, and both managed military discipline and were given fiefs as Ranked Marquis. (1)
- (1) Wèishū states:
- Hán Hào appellation Yuánsì. At the end of Hàn he raised troops. His county was near hills and marshlands with many bandits, so Hào gathered an army of followers to defend the county’s borders. The Administrator Wáng Kuāng appointed him as an advisor, and he commanded troops to resist Dǒng Zhuó at Méngjīn. At the time Hào’s maternal uncle Dù Yáng was Magistrate of Héyīn. Zhuó captured him, and sent messengers to recruit Hào, but Hào would not join him. Yuán Shù heard of his strength, and appointed him Cavalry Commandant. Xiàhóu Dūn heard of his reputation, invited him to meet in person, was greatly impressed with him, and tasked him to command troops and follow on campaign. At the time there was great concern over losses of supplies, and Hào believed it was urgent to establish [Garrison-]Farms. Tàizǔ agreed with this, and promoted him to Protector of the Army. When Tàizǔ wished to attack Liǔchéng, Director of the Army Shǐ Huàn believed that the way was too long and penetrating and so the plan could not be successful, and wished to have Hào join him in protesting. Hào said: “Now our military power is strong and flourishing, our prestige encompassing the Four Seas, we prevail in all attacks, and there is nothing that can match our will. If we do not at this time immediately destroy the troubles of the realm, we will regret it later. Moreover, our lord has divine military ability, and has certainly already made plans. And I serve our master as registrar in the army, so it is inappropriate for me to stop the army.” Therefore he followed in the capture of Liǔchéng, and his office was changed to Internal Protector of the Army, and he was installed as Chief Clerk and Major. He followed in the attack on Zhāng Lǔ, and Lǔ surrendered. Others commented that Hào was skilled in strategy and could defend the borders, and should be left to assist in commanding the armies and defending Hànzhōng. Tàizǔ said: “Can I be at peace without my Protector of the Army?” Therefore he followed the return. He saw close appointment like this. At his death, Tàizǔ mourned him. He had no sons, so his adopted son Róng succeeded him.
- Shǐ Huàn appellation Gōngliú. In his youth he was an adventurer, and had heroic spirit. When Tàizǔ first rose up, he accompanied as guest and Acting Internal Army Colonel. He followed on campaign and often supervised the various officers, was a trusted aide, and was transferred to Internal Director of the Army. [Jiàn’ān] fourteenth year  he died. His son Jìng succeeded.