(42.7) Yǐn Mò 尹默 [Sīqiǎn 思潛]

Yǐn Mò, appellation Sīqiǎn, was a Zǐtóng Fú man. In the Yì[zhōu] schools there were many who valued modern essays but did not esteem old classics. Mò knew they were not widely read, so he traveled far to Jīngzhōu, and studied under Sīmǎ Décāo, Sòng [Zhōng] Zhòngzǐ, and others to learn the ancient classics. In all he learned the classics and historiography, and was particularly proficient in the Zuǒshì Chūnqiū, following Liú Xīn’s regulations, the annotations of Zhèng Zhòng, Jiǎ Kuí father and son, Chén Yuán, Fúqián, and in all he recited and did not rely only on the original.

尹默字思潛,梓潼涪人。益部多貴今文而不崇章句,默知其不博,乃遠游荊州,從司馬德操、宋仲子等受古學。皆通諸經史,又專精於左氏春秋,自劉歆條例,鄭眾、賈逵父子、陳元、(方)服虔注說,咸略誦述,不復按本。

Xiān-zhǔ [Liú Bèi] settled Yìzhōu [214] and became Governor, he was appointed Advisor on Education, and when an Heir-Apparent was established [219], Mò was appointed as Servant, to teach the Zuǒshì to Hòu-zhǔ [Liú Shàn]. When Hòu-zhǔ ascended, he was appointed Critical-Consultant Official. When Chancellor [Zhūgě] Liàng stationed at Hànzhōng, he was invited as Libationer to the Army. When Liàng died, he returned to Chéngdū, and was appointed Grand Palace Official. He died, and his son Zōng inherited his work, and became an Academician Scholar. (1)

先主定益州,領牧,以為勸學從事,及立太子,以默為僕,(射)以左氏傳授後主。後主踐阼,拜諫議大夫。丞相亮住漢中,請為軍祭酒。亮卒,還成都,拜太中大夫,卒。子宗傳其業,為博士。〔一〕

  • (1) Sòng Zhòngzǐ later was at Wèi.
  • Wèilüè states: His son along with Wèi Fěng plotted rebellion,and so he was executed. The Wèi Heir-Apparent answered Wáng Lǎng’s letter: “In the past Shí Hòu and Zhōu Yù traveled, and Fùquè knew there would be chaos. Hán-zǐ approached Tián Sū, and Mù-zǐ knew he esteemed benevolence. Therefore when superior gentlemen travel they are acting rightly, and where they reside there are scholars, and this can honestly be known. Alas! Sòng Zhōng [Zhòngzǐ] had no Shí-zǐ to first guide him, and so came to this calamity. Now though I wish to wipe out his kin as punishment and raise up the moral integrity of pure ministers, is it not enough?”

〔一〕 宋仲子後在魏。魏略曰:其子與魏諷謀反,伏誅。魏太子答王朗書曰:「昔石厚與州吁游,父碏知其與亂;韓子昵田蘇,穆子知其好仁:故君子游必有方,居必就士,誠有以也。嗟乎!宋忠無石子先識之明,老罹此禍。今雖欲願行滅親之誅,立純臣之節,尚可得邪!」

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