Huò Yì 霍弋 [Shàoxiān 紹先]
Luó Xiàn 羅憲 [Língzé 令則]
Huò Jùn appellation Zhòngmiǎo was a Nán-jùn Zhījiāng man. His elder brother Dǔ in their hometown gathered retainers of several hundred men. Dǔ died, and Governor of Jīngzhōu Liú Biǎo ordered Jùn to take over [Dǔ’s] army. Biǎo died , and Jùn led his army to join Xiān-zhǔ [Liú Bèi], and Xiān-zhǔ appointed Jùn as Internal Cadet-General.
Xiān-zhǔ from Jiāméng returned south to attack Liú Zhāng , leaving Jùn to defend Jiāméng city. Zhāng Lǔ sent his General Yáng Bó to entice Jùn [to defect], asking that they together defend the city. Jùn said: “This petty man’s head can be taken, but this city cannot be taken.” Bó therefore retreated and left.
Later [Liú] Zhāng’s Generals Fú Jīn, Xiàng Cún, and others led over 10,000 men to follow the Làng river up to attack and besiege Jùn, but after a year they could not take it. Jùn’s troops inside the city were only a few hundred men, waited for when [the enemy] was negligent and vulnerable, selected out elite troops to go out and attack, greatly defeated them, and beheaded Cún and took his head.
Xiān-zhǔ settled Shǔ, praised Jùn’s achievements, and therefore divided Guǎnghàn to form Zǐtóng prefecture, appointing Jùn as Administrator of Zǐtóng and Assistant-General. He was in office for three years, aged forty years he died, and was returned to be buried at Chéngdū. Xiān-zhǔ deeply mourned and begrudged [losing Huò Jùn], and therefore sent Imperial Order to Zhūgě Liàng: “Jùn was both a great warrior and also had achievements for the state, and I wish to offer libations.” Therefore he personally led the various officials to gather together and offer sacrifices, and as a result stayed overnight at the grave, and at the time it was an honor [for Huò Jùn].
His son Yì appellation Shàoxiān in Xiān-zhǔ’s final years became Heir-Apparent Companion. Hòu-zhǔ [Liú Shàn] ascended , and he was appointed Guest. Chancellor Zhūgě Liàng went north to station Hànzhōng , invited him to serve as Diarist, and sent him with [Zhūgě Liàng’s] son [Zhūgě] Qiáo to together travel and reside together. Liàng died , and he became Yellow Gate Attendant-Cadet. Hòu-zhǔ established as Heir-Apparent [Liú] Xuán , and appointed Yì as Palace Companion. Xuán enjoyed riding and shooting, going out and coming in without restraint. Yì cited ancient meanings and thoroughly remonstrated, deeply obtaining appropriate guidance.
Later he became Advisor to the Army at the Láijiàng garrison and Commander of Fù’èr,was also transferred to Protector of the Army, managing affairs as before. At the time the Yǒngchāng prefecture foreigner Liáo tribe relied on rugged terrain to not submit and repeatedly plundered and harmed, and therefore Yì was given office as Administrator of Yǒngchāng to lead the supporting army to suppress them, and thereupon beheaded their leaders and destroyed their villages and camps, and the prefecture borders were tranquil. He was promoted to Supervisor of the Army and General of the Assistant Army with office as Administrator of Jiànníng, and returned to manage southern prefectural affairs.
Jǐngyào sixth year  he was advanced in title to General Calming the Soth. That year, Shǔ was conquered by Wèi. Yì with Bādōng army commander Luó Xiàn of Xiāngyáng each preserved their regions [not destroying them to prevent Wèi from gaining them] and led their followers to submit, and both because of this remained in their previous appointments, and their favor and good treatment was increased. (1)
- (1) Hàn Jìn Chūnqiū states: Huò Yì heard that the Wèi army had come. Yì wished to go to Chéngdū [as reinforcements], but Hòu-zhǔ because the preparations against the enemy were already decided did not listen. When Chéngdū could not be defended, Yì wore mourning clothes and cried out and wept, greatly mourning for three days. The various officers all advised him that he should quickly surrender. Yì said: “Now the road is at a critical pass, and it is uncertain if the ruler is safety or danger, so at this great critical time one cannot be negligent. If the ruler above with Wèi make peace, and is met with courtesy, then to defend the borders and then surrender would not be too late. If by small chance it is danger and disgrace, I will then to the death resist them, and what is there to discuss about delay or speed!” He received the news that Hòu-zhǔ had been moved east, and then led the six prefectures defenders to send up a memorial: “I your Servant have heard that a man’s life is like three and affairs are like one. When difficulty is present, then he delivers his life. Now your Servant’s state is defeated and its ruler submitted, and to defend to the death would be for nothing, and therefore we entrust and pledge, and do not dare have second thoughts.” Jìn Wén-wáng [Sīmǎ Zhāo] praised him, and also appointed him Regional Commander of Nánzhōng, entrusting him with his previous appointment. Later he was transferred to command troops to assist Lǚ Xīng and pacify Jiāozhǐ, Rìnán, and Jiǔzhēn, three prefectures, and for achievement was given fief as a full Marquis and advanced in title with lofty rewards. Yì’s grandson Biāo was a Jìn Administrator of Yuèxī.
- Xiāngyángjì states: Luó Xiàn appellation Língzé. His father Méng fled from the chaos to Shǔ, and his office reached Administrator of Guǎnghàn. Xiàn when young due to his ability and studies became well known, and at thirteen years could wrote prose. When Hòu-zhǔ established an Heir-Apparent , he became an Heir-Apparent Follower, promoted to Companion and Secretariat Appointment Bureau Gentleman, and as Colonel Announcing Integrity was also sent as envoy to Wú, and the Wú people praised his goodness. At the time Huáng Hào controlled the government, and many attached to him, but Xiàn alone would not associate with him. Hào was angry, and transferred him away as Administrator of Bādōng. At the time Right General-in-Chief Yán Yǔ was Regional Commander of Bādōng, appointed him Manager of the Army, and Hòu-zhǔ promoted Xiàn to Yǔ’s second-in-command. When Wèi invaded Shǔ, [Yán] Yǔ was summoned to return west, leaving Yǔ’s two thousand men [with Luó Xiàn], ordering Xiàn to defend Yǒng’ān city. Rumor said Chéngdū had fallen, inside [Yǒng’ān] city was in turmoil, and the chief officials along the Jiāng all abandoned the city and fled. Xiàn beheaded one person who rebelled claiming Chéngdū had fallen, and the people were therefore settled. He received news Hòu-zhǔ had submitted, and therefore led those he commanded to the capital precinct for three days. Wú heard Shǔ had been defeated, and raised troops to go west upstream, outside providing assistance, inside wishing to attack Xiàn. Xiàn said: “Our Court has been overthrown, Wú is our lips and teeth, but do not sympathize without our difficulty and instead seeks to take opportunity to profit, turning its back on the alliance and breaking treaty. Moreover [Shǔ-]Hàn has already perished, so how can Wú last long, and how can we be surrendered captives of Wú?” He defended the city and prepared armor, took oath with his officers and soldiers, sternly with integrity and righteousness, and none did not obey orders. Wú heard Zhōng [Huì] and Dèng [Ài] were destroyed [in Zhōng Huì’s rebellion in 264], the cities had no ruler, and had the ambition to conquer Shǔ, but Bādōng firmly defended, the soldiers could not get past, so Bù Xié led his army and went west. Xiàn overlooked the Jiāng resisted and shot but could not resist, and sent Advisor to the Army Yáng Zōng to break out of the encirclement north and go out, to report emergency to General Calming the East Chén Qiān, and also sent his civil and military seals and ribbons and his son to the King of Jìn [Sīmǎ Zhāo as pledges]. [Bù] Xié attacked the city. Xiàn went out and with them battled, and greatly defeated their army. Sūn Xiū was furious, and again sent Lù Kàng and others to command an army of 30,000 men to increase the siege of Xiàn. He was attacked continuously for six moons but rescue did not arrive, and inside the city disease affected over half. Someone advised Xiàn to use a plan to escape. Xiàn said: “To be a leader and one the common people look up to is to be in danger and unable to be at ease. To be in danger and abandon them is not to be a Superior Gentleman. I will end my life at this place.” Chén Qiān reported this to the King of Jìn [Sīmǎ Zhāo], and Inspector of Jīngzhōu Hú Liè was sent to relieve Xiàn, and [Lù] Kàng and the rest retreated. The King of Jìn [Sīmǎ Zhāo] at once entrusted him with his previous appointment, and promoted Xiàn General Traversing the Jiāng with fief as Marquis of Wànnián precinct. At the time Wǔlíng‘s four counties raised armies to rebel against Wú, and Xiàn was appointed Administrator of Wǔlíng and Supervisor of the Army at Bādōng. Tàishǐ first year  his fief was changed to Marquis of Xī’è county. Xiàn sent his wife and children to reside at Luòyáng, and Wǔ-dì [Sīmǎ Yán] appointed his son Xí as Palace Official. Third year  winter, he entered Court, was advanced in rank to General Capping the Army with a Staff of authority. Fourth year  third moon, he accompanied the Emperor to a feast at Huálín “Flower Forest” Park. An Imperial Order asked him about the junior relatives of Shǔ’s great ministers, and afterward asked among the older who was suitable at the time to be employed. Xiàn recommended Shǔ-jùn’s Cháng Jì, Dù Zhěn, Shòu Liáng, Bāxī’s Chén Shòu, Nán-jùn’s Gāo Guǐ, Nányáng’s Lǚ Yǎ, Xǔ Guó, Jiāngxià’s Fèi Gōng, Lángyé’s Zhūgé Jīng, Rǔnán’s Chén Yù, all to be employed, and each was renowned at the time. Xiàn returned, attacked and captured Wú’s Wūchéng, and therefore sent up a plan to invade Wú. Xiàn was upright and clear and stern and solemn, in caring for scholars he was untiring, he treated wealth lightly and was generous in gifts, and did not manage property. Sixth year  he died, was honored as General Calming the South with posthumous title as Liè-hóu “Ardent Marquis.” His son Xí as General Traversing the Jiāng commanded the retainers, died early, and was posthumously honored as Administrator of Guǎnghàn. Xí’s son Huī was Inner Scribe Following Light, and in Yǒngjiā fifth year  was by Wáng Rú killed.
- Some use Xiàn 献, a name different from the base biography [Xiàn 憲]. It is unclear which is correct.