Hè Qí appellation Gōngmiáo was a Kuàijī Shānyīn man. (1) When young he became a prefecture official, acting as Shàn Chief. County official Sī Cóng was reckless and adventurous and acted treacherously, Qí wished to punish him, the Registrar remonstrated saying: “[Sī] Cóng is of the county’s great clans, one the Shānyuè attach to, if today you punish him, tomorrow bandits will arrive.” Qí heard and was greatly furious, and at once beheaded [Sī] Cóng. [Sī] Cóng’s clan and faction therefore together gathered, a crowd of over a thousand men, raising troops to attack the county. Qí led the officials and people, opening the city gates to suddenly strike, greatly defeated them, his authority shaking the Shānyuè. Later Tàimò’s and Fēngpǔ’s people rebelled, he was transferred to act as Tàimò Chief, punishing the evil and caring for the good, and within a moon it was completely pacified.
- (1) Yú Yù’s Jìnshū states: The Hè clan was originally surnamed the Qìng clan. Qí’s father’s older brother [Qìng] Chún, was a Classicist scholar with heavy reputation, in Hàn Ān-dì ‘s time was Internal Attendant and Jiāngxià Administrator, left office, and with Jiāngxià’s Huáng Qióng, Guānghàn’s Yáng Hòu together were by Excellency Carriage summoned. To avoid Ān-dì’s father Xiào-Dé Huáng’s taboo name, he was changed to the Hè clan. Qí’s father Fǔ, was Yǒngníng Chief.
Jiàn’ān Inaugural Year , Sūn Cè oversaw the prefectures, and examined Qí as a Filial and Incorrupt candidate. At the time Wáng Lǎng fled to Dōngyě, and Hòuguān Chief Shāng Shēng for [Wáng] Lǎng raised troops. [Sūn] Cè sent Yǒngníng Chief Hán Yàn to act in office as the Southern Part Commandant, to command troops to suppress [Shāng] Shēng, with Qí as Yǒngníng Chief. [Hán] Hàn was by [Shāng] Shēng] defeated, and Qí also succeeded Yàn as acting office over Commandant affairs. [Shāng] Shēng feared Qí’s authority and reputation, and sent envoy to beg for alliance. Qí therefore informed and described, for them explaining the disasters and fortunes, and [Shāng] Shēng therefore sent up his seal and ribbon, and went out from his residence to ask to surrender. Bandit commanders Zhāng Yǎ, Zhān Qiǎng, and others were unwilling to with [Shāng] Shēng surrender, and rebelled and together killed [Shāng] Shēng, [Zhāng] Yǎ declared himself General Without Superior, [Zhān] Qiǎng declared himself Kuàijī Administrator. The rebels were flourishing and the [government] troops were few, not yet sufficient to suppress them, so Qí stationed the army and rested the troops. [Zhāng] Yǎ with his daughter’s husband Hé Xióng fought for authority, Qí ordered the Yuè peoples to therefore serve in interfering in communications, therefore resulting in suspicion and discord, so their troops against each other plotted. Qí then advanced and suppressed, in one battle greatly defeated [Zhāng] Yǎ, [Zhān] Qiǎng’s faction was shaken and afraid, and he led his armies out to surrender.
Hòuguān was pacified, but Jiàn’ān, Hànxīng, Nánpíng again was in chaos, Qí advanced troops to Jiàn’ān, established a Commandant Office, that year was the Eighth Year . The prefecture sent out from its subordinate counties five thousand troops, each sending their own county Chief to command them, and all accepted Qí’s authority and judgement. The bandits Hóng Míng, Hóng Jìn, Yuàn Yù, Wú Miǎn, Huà Dāng and others five men, each commanding ten thousand households, linked garrisons at Hànxīng, Wú Wǔ’s six thousand households separately garrisoned Dàtán, Zōu Lín’s six thouand households separately garrisoned Gězhú, together setting out Yúgàn. The army suppressed Hànxīng, passing through Yúgàn. Qí believed the bandits were numerous and the troops few, penetrating deeply would be without connection, feared they would be cut off, and ordered Sōngyáng Chief Dīng Fán to remain and ready Yúgàn. [Dīng] Fán originally with Qí were of neighboring cities, and was shamed to be his subordinate division, and refused and would not agree to remain. Qí thus beheaded [Dīng] Fán, and therefore inside the army was shaken and fearful, and none did not follow orders. Therefore he divided troops to remain and prepare, advanced to suppress [Hóng] Míng and the rest, and continuously greatly defeated them, in front of the battle lines beheaded [Hóng] Míng, so [Wú] Miǎn, [Huà] Dāng, [Hóng] Jìn, [Yuàn] Yù all surrendered. He turned to strike Gězhú, the army headed to Dàtán, and the two commanders also surrendered. Altogether he suppressed and punished and beheaded on the order of six thousand, the famed commanders were completely taken, he again established counties and cities, altogether sending out troops of ten thousand men, and was appointed Pacifying East Colonel. Tenth Year , he transferred to suppress Shàngráo, dividing it to form Jiànpíng county.
Thirteenth Year , he was promoted to Authoritative Martial Internal Cadet General, suppressed Dānyáng’s Yī and Shè [counties]. At the time Wǔqiǎng, Yèxiāng, Dōngyáng, Fēngpǔ, four villages first surrendered, Qí memorialized saying to make Yèxiāng into Shǐxīn county. But Shè bandit commander Jīn Qí’s ten thousand households garrisoned Ānlè mountain, Máo Gān’s ten thousand households garrisoned Wūliáo mountain, Yī commanders Chén Pú, Zǔ Shān and others of twenty thousand households garrisoned Línlì mountain. Línlì mountain’s four sides were like cliffs, several tens of zhàng high, the routes were dangerous and narrow, and could not fit a saber horizontally, the rebels overlooked high and shot down stones, and they could not attack. The army stationed through several days, the officers and officials were worried about this. Qí personally went out about and walked, observing and inspecting the situation, secretly gathered light and agile soldiers, had them make iron barbs, secretly in the dark and rugged areas where the bandits were not prepared, used the barbs to dig out a ditch to be a road, in the night ordered them to secretly ascend, and then frequently to the counties announced to send people to help, obtaining a hundred some men to ascend, the four sides spread out, altogether shouting and drumming, and Qí reigned in troops to wait for them. The bandits in the night heard the drums and sounds on four sides, said the main army had all already ascended, and were alarmed and in chaos, not knowing what was happening, and those defending the roads and rugged terrain, all fled back to join the masses. The main army therefore was able to ascend, greatly defeated [Chén] Pú and the rest, and the remainder all surrendered, altogether beheading seven thousand. (1) Qí again memorialized to divide Shè [county] to form Xīndìng, Líyáng, Xiūyáng [counties], and together with Yī and Shè were altogether six counties, and [Sūn] Quán therefore set them apart to be Xīndū prefecture, with Qí as its Administrator, establishing office at Shǐxīn, and added office as Assistant General.
- (1) Bàopǔzǐ states: In the past Wú sent General Hè to suppress mountain bandits, among the bandits were those good at Restrictions, at every meeting of battle, the government army’s sabers and swords could not be drawn, the bows and crossbows shot arrows all returned in reverse direction, always so that they were unsuccessful. General Hè always worried about this, and thus said: “I have heard metal edges can be Restricted, vermin venom can be Restricted, but those things without edges, and vermin without venom, then cannot be Restricted. They certainly are able to Restrict our weapons, but certainly are unable to Restrict our edgeless things.” Therefore he made many strong wood white clubs, chose out strong and elite soldiers of five thousand to be the first to ascend, all clutching clubs. The mountain bandits relied on those good at Restrictions, and in the end did not rigorously prepare. Therefore the government army with white clubs struck them, and their Restrictors indeed were no longer in effect, and those they struck and killed were in the tens of thousands.
Sixteenth Year , Wú prefecture’s Yúháng’s commoner Láng Zhì gathered clansmen and rose as bandits, again several thousand men, Qí went out to suppress them, at once again defeating [Láng] Zhì, memorialized word to divide Yúháng to form Línshuǐ county. (1) He was ordered to visit where [Sūn Quán] was, and when about to return to the prefecture, [Sūn] Quán sent him out on the ancestral rode, with music and dancers. (2) He bestowed on Qí curtained carriages and fine horses, rose from seat to set up harness, sending Qí to board the carriage. Qí declined and did not dare, [Sūn] Quán sent those around him to carry Qí aboard the carriage, ordering the escorting officials and soldiers and riders, by the prefecture’s ceremonies. [Sūn] Quán watched him and laughed saying: “Men should make an effort, if not amassing actions and accumulating diligence, this cannot be obtained.” [Only] after [escorting Hè Qí] over a hundred bù did he return.
- (1) Wúlù states: Jìn changed to Lín’ān.
- (2) Wúshū states: [Sūn] Quán said to Qí: “Now settling the realm Under Heaven, all the central states, delivering unique custom tribute and treasures, crafty beasts in the end dancing, if not you than for whom?” Qí said: “Your Highness with divine military ability answers the times, opening up the Ruler’s Enterprise, I your servant by good fortune encountered opportunity, was able to drive on below windblown dust, to assist and help minor activities, to be able to receive a hawk’s and hound’s use, is I your servant’s hope. If it is unique custom tribute and treasures, crafty beasts made to dance, it should be with the sagely virtuous, not what I your servant can accept.”
Eighteenth Year , Yùzhāng Eastern Part commoners Péng Cái, Lǐ Yù, Wáng Hǎi and others rose as bandits in chaos, a horde of over ten thousand men. Qí suppressed and pacified them, executing their leaders in evil, and the rest all surrendered and yielded. He chose out their elite and strong to be troops, and the next to be county households. He was promoted to Exerting Martial General.
Twentieth Year , he accompanied [Sūn] Quán in campaigning against Héféi. At the time those in the city came out to battle, Xú Shèng was wounded and lost his lance, Qí among the troops resisted and struck, and found what [Xú] Shèng had lost. (1)
- (1) Jiāngbiǎozhuàn states: [Sūn] Quán campaigned against Héféi, was by Zhāng Liáo surprised attacked at the ford’s north, and almost was in grave danger. Qí at the time led three thousand troops at the ford’s south to welcome [Sūn] Quán. When [Sūn] Quán entered the main boat, he met with the various officers in a drinking party, Qí was below the seating mat shedding tears and said: “The Utmost Honored Ruler of Men, must always be prudent and cautious. In today’s affairs, there was almost disaster and destruction, the various subordinates were shaken and afraid, as if without Heaven and Earth, may this be a lifelong warning.” [Sūn] Quán himself went forward to stop his tears saying: “Great shame! This sincerity is carved on my heart, not only written on my belt.”
Twenty-first Year , Póyáng commoner Yóu Tū received Excellency Cáo’s seal and ribbon, converting people to be bandits, and Língyáng, Shǐ’ān, Jīng counties all with [Yóu] Tū answered each other. Qí with Lù Xùn suppressed and defeated [Yóu] Tū, beheading several thousand, the rest of the faction was shaken and submited, and Dānyáng’s three counties all surrendered, obtaining elite troops of eight thousand men. He was appointed Securing East General, fief as Shānyīn Marquis, sent out to defend the Jiāng upstream, commanding and supporting the province on up to Wǎn.
Huángwǔ’s beginning , Wèi sent Cáo Xiū to come on campaign, Qí because the road was distant later arrived, and therefore stationed at Xīnshì to resist. It happened that Dòngkǒu’s various armies encountered winds and drownings, and the lost was half, and the officers and soldiers lost color, and as Qí had not yet arrived, only his army alone was preserved, and the various officers depended on his strength.
Qí by nature was extravagant and elegant, exceptionally enjoyed military affairs, his weapons and armor and instruments were exceedingly elite and good, the ships he rode were engraved with cinnabar carvings, blue-green canopies and purple-red drapes, his shields and oars and spears and lances, were drawn with flowers and melons,his bows and crossbows and bolts and arrows, all used the highest quality timber, his covered charger fighting ships and their sort, looked like mountains. [Cáo] Xiū and the rest were intimidated by this, and therefore led the army back. He was promoted to Rear General, with Acting Staff and office as Xú Province Governor.
Previously, Jìn Zōng was Xìkǒu’s commander, with his army rebelled to join Wèi, and returned as Qíchūn Administrator, plotting to attack Ānlè, capturing their hostages. [Sūn] Quán because of this was ashamed and angry, and because the army was newly dismissed, and it was the sixth moon height of summer, so the setting out was not expected, Imperial Order was given on Qí to command Mí Fāng, Xiānyú Dān, and others to attack Qíchūn, and therefore they alive captured [Jìn] Zōng. After four years he died, his son Dá and [Hè Dá’s] younger brother Jǐng both had good reputation, and were fine officers. (1)
- (1) Kuàijī Diǎnlù states: Jǐng became Exterminating Bandits Colonel, commanding armies sternly but with kindness, his weapons were elite and decorated, and at the time were the absolute best, he died young. Dá was inclined to act on impulse, had many violations, and therefore although he had merits in campaigns, yet he did not reach noble rank, however he thought little of wealth and valued righteousness, and his guts and fierceness surpassed others. His son Zhì, rank reached Tiger Fang General.
- Jǐng’s son Shào has a separate biography.