son Shào 顧邵 [Xiàozé 孝則], Shào’s son Tàn 顧譚 [Zǐmò 子默], Shào’s son Chéng 顧承 [Zǐzhí 子直]
Gù Yōng appellation Yuántán was a Wújùn Wú man. (1) Cài Bójiē from the northern region returned, and once escaped the troubles from Wú, and Yōng followed him to learn zither and calligraphy. (2) The province and prefecture memorialized to recommend him, when capped he became Héféi Chief, later transferred to Lóu, Qū’ē, Shàngyú, and in all he had government achievement. Sūn Quán was designate Kuàijī Administrator, did not go to the prefecture, appointed Yōng as Deputy, as acting Administrator over affairs. He suppressed and removed bandits and thieves, the prefecture’s borders were tranquil, and the officials and people submitted. After several years, he entered as Left Major. [Sūn] Quán became King of Wú, he was gradually promoted to Minister Judge and Minister of Presentations, designate Secretariat Director, fief as Yángsuì village. At his appointment to Marquis he returned home, but his family did not know, later they heard and were startled.
- (1) Wúlù states: Yōng’s great-grandfather Fèng, appellation Jìhóng, was Yǐngchuān Administrator.
- (2) Jiāngbiǎozhuàn states: Yōng followed [Cài] Bójiē in study, was concentrated and tranquil, clever and easy to teach. [Cài] Bójiē valued and was impressed with him, saying: “You certainly will be successful, now take my name as yours.” Therefore that Yōng with [Cài] Bójiē had the same name, was because of this.
- Wúlù states: Yōng appellation Yuántàn. It is said Cài Yōng sighed (tàn) in admiration of him, and therefore it became his appellation.
Huángwǔ Fourth Year , he welcomed his mother to Wú. At the arrival, [Sūn] Quán overlooked and congratulated him, personally bowing to his mother in the courtyard, the Excellencies and Ministers and great ministers completley gathering, later the Heir-Apparent also went to congratulate.
Yōng as a man did not drink alcohol, was few of words, his actions timely and direct. [Sūn] Quán once sighed and said: “Sir Gù rarely speaks, when speaking is certain to be correct.” Reaching any time of drinking feast and making merry, those around feared having drunken faults that Yōng certainly would see, and therefore did not dare be excessive. [Sūn] Quán also said: “Excellency Gù is seated, it causes men to not be merry.” He met with fear like this.
That year, he was changed to Minister of Ceremonies, advanced in fief to Marquis of Lǐlíng, succeeding Sūn Shào as Chancellor, judging Secretariat affairs. Those he selected and employed for civil and military officers and officials each by ability were appointed, never by personal feeling. At the time he searched among the people, and if they were suitable for government duties, then he kept it secret. If they met with acceptance and use, then he gave the credit to the Ascended, if not used, to the end he did not divulge. [Sūn] Quán because of this valued him. However in public Court if there was something explained, though his words and expression were serene his actions were upright.
[Sūn] Quán once consulted and asked about gains and losses, Zhāng Zhāo therefore explained selections of what he had heard, that laws and orders were too many, of punishments a few were too heavy, and it was appropriate to reduce and decrease. [Sūn] Quán was silent, turned and asked Yōng: “What do you believe of it?” Yōng replied: “What I your servant have heard, is also like what [Zhāng] Zhāo has explained.” Therefore [Sūn] Quán then discussed cases and lightened punishments. (1)
- (1) Jiāngbiǎozhuàn states: [Sūn] Quán always ordered a Internal Documents Cadet to visit Yōng, to consult and ask. If it agreed with Yōng’s thoughts, that the matter could be enacted, then with the visitor, he investigated and discussed it, for them setting up drink and food. If it did not agree with his thoughts, Yōng then with stern expression changed countenance, silent and not speaking, with nothing granted or set up, and at once withdrawing and taking leave. [Sūn] Quán said: “If Excellency Gù is pleased, the matter is appropriate; if he does not speak, the matter is not yet settled, and I should again think about it.” He met with respect and trust like this. The Jiāng border’s various officers, each wished to establish achievement to benefit themselves, and often explained that it was advantageous, to make surprise attacks. [Sūn] Quán about this asked Yōng, Yōng said: “I your servant have heard that military methods warn against small profits. What they explain, is wishing and seeking achievement and fame for themselves, and not for the state, Your Majesty should prohibit and restrict. If it is not sufficient to glorify power and harm the enemy, it is not suitable to listen to.” [Sūn] Quán followed this. The army and state’s gains and losses, actions and matters permissible or not, if it was not face to face, his mouth never once spoke of it.
Long after this, Lǚ Yī and Qín Bó were Internal Documents, managing and investigating the various government offices and provinces and prefectures’ written documents. [Lǚ] Yī and the rest because of this gradually made power and fortune, and therefore made profit of monopolies, reported crime and investigated treachery, the smallest faults were certainly heard, made heavier in order to deeply cite and falsely accuse, defaming and criticizing the great ministers, entrapping those without guilt, Yōng and others all saw and reported this, but were censured and dismissed. Later [Lǚ] Yī’s treachery and guilt was revealed, he was arrested and bound to the Minister of Justice, Yōng went to pass judgment, [Lǚ] Yī as a prisoner was met, Yōng had harmonious expression, asked for his testimony, and when about to go out, also said to [Lǚ] Yī: “Do you have nothing more you wish to explain?” [Lǚ] Yī knocked head [on ground] and was without words. At the time Secretariat Cadet Huái Xù to the face cursed and insulted [Lǚ] Yī, Yōng reproached [Huái] Xù saying: “Officials have their upright laws, why go so far as this!” (2)
- (2) Jiāngbiǎozhuàn states: [Sūn] Quán married off his niece, to make the Gù clan an in-law, and therefore invited Yōng father and sons and grandson Tán, Tán at the time was Selections Department Secretariat, and met with appointment noble and valued. On that day, [Sūn] Quán was of utmost happiness. Tán was intoxicated, three times rose to dance, and dancing did not know to stop. Yōng inside was furious at this. The next day, he summoned Tán, scolded and reproached him saying: “The ruler takes swallowing disgrace as virtue, the subject takes respectful carefulness as integrity. In the past Xiāo Hé and Wú Hàn both had great achievements, [Xiāo] Hé every time meeting Gāo-dì, appeared unable to speak, [Wú] Hàn in serving Guāng-Wǔ, also trusted in respectful diligence. You for the state, have had what labors of sweating horse, that can be written of? Only due to the resource of coming from this family, have you met with favor and appointment and that is all, how can you dance without knowing to stop? Though it was after drinking, it is also that relying on favor you forgot respect, your modesty insufficient. The one to diminish our family will certainly be you.” Therefore he turned back to the wall and lied down, Tán stood for over a period [~2 hrs], and then was sent out.
- Xú Zhòng’s Comment states: Yōng did not because of Lǚ Yī defaming him react, but had amiable countenance, truly this was his strength. However to directly seek his thoughts, and ask if he wished to explain anything, this was wrong. [Lǚ] Yī was treacherous and dangerous and disordered law, defamed and harmed the loyal and worthy, Wú state’s cold heart, from Heir-Apparent [Sūn] Dēng and Lù Xùn on down, remonstrated but could not succeeded, and therefore Pān Jùn wished to take advantage of a meeting to with his own hand use sword against him, to remove the state’s misfortune, his hatred of evil and loyalty to ruler, righteousness shown in his expression. But now he let out such words. If [Lǚ] Yī had declared it unjust and evil, to not investigate and judge, then would not serve the imprisonment’s original purpose; if he had taken advantage to memorialize about it, and if the Wú Ruler respected what the Chancellor had said, and pardoned and forgave, would [Lù Xùn] Bóyán and [Pán Jùn] Chéngmíng not be grieved and indignant? Huái Xú originally was without personal hatred, without any resentment, and therefore to curse and insult him, was hating evil intentions and that is all. To do evil to the not benevolent, this is benevolent. Jì Wǔ-zǐ died, Zēng Diǎn leaned on his gate and sang; Zǐxī’s wound opened, Zǐchǎn hurriedly ordered to self reduce. By this speaking of it, Yōng should not have reproached Huái Xù.
Yōng was Chancellor for nineteen year, aged seventy six years, Chìwū Sixth Year  he died. Previously when he had just fallen ill, [Sūn] Quán ordered the doctor Zhào Quán to regard it, and appointed his youngest son Jǐ as Cavalry commandant. Yōng heard, and sorrowfully said: “[Zhào] Quán distinguishes life and death, I certainly will not rise, and therefore the Ascended wishes to let me with my own eyes see Jǐ appointed.” [Sūn] Quán wore white clothes to oversee mourning, posthumous name Sù-hóu “Solemn Marquis.”
Eldest son Shào died young, next son Yù had serious illness, youngest son Jǐ succeeded, without descendants, cut off. Yǒng’ān Inaugural Year , Imperial Order said: “Former Chancellor Yōng, was an utmost virtuous and loyal worthy, supporting the state by ritual, but his marquisate was deposed and cut off, and I deeply pity this. Thus take Yōng’s next son Yù to succeed as Marquis of Lǐlíng, to clearly make known his old achievements.” (1)
- (1) Wúlù states: Yù originally named Mù, ended as Yídū Administrator. Yù’s son Róng.
- Jìnshū states: Róng appellation Yànxiān, was the southeast’s famed scholar, served Wú as Yellow Gate Cadet, at Jìn successively held prominent position. When Yuán-dì [Sīmǎ Ruì] first defended the Jiāng’s east, he appointed Róng as Army Major, his ritual deference was extremely heavy. He died, posthumously titled Attendant Internal, Elite Cavalry General, Rites Equal to the Three Excellencies. Róng’s elder brother’s son Yú, appellation Mèngzhù, when young had renown, became Cavalier Attendant Cadet, early died.
- Wúshū states: Yōng’s same mother younger brother Huī, appellation Zǐtàn, when young traveled and studied, and had lip. Sūn Quán governed matters, heard Huī had talent in debate, and summoned him as a Registrar. Once he was about to go out, saw the camp army was about to have a man in the market executed, asked what was the crime, was told it was stealing a hundred cash, and Huī told them to stop. Very quickly he galloped to visit and explain: “Now to raise and care for soldiers and armies to plan against the northern caitiffs, I observe this soldier is strong and tough, and moreover what was stolen was little, I humbly beg for pity and pardon.” [Sūn] Quán permitted and commended this. He was transferred to East Department Official. Someone reported Excellency Cáo wished to come east, [Sūn] Quán said to Huī: “You are my belly and heart, now it is reported Mèngdé harbors ulterior intentions, none are sufficient to guess it, you on my behalf go.” He was appointed Assisting Righteousness Commandant, arrived in the north and with Excellency Cáo met. The Excellency asked of news within the borders, Huī’s answers were tactful and favorable, and therefore said the Jiāng’s east was greatly abundant, the mountains and marshes’ lodged evils, all had been by admiration transformed to become good, and had righteously gone out to become soldiers. The Excellency laughed and said: “I with General Sūn am joined through marriage, together support the Hàn House, our relationship is like one family, why do you explain this?” Huī said: “Precisely because your enlightened excellency with our ruler’s relationship is firm as a boulder, as relatives sharing it, you certainly wish to know the news beyond the Jiāng, and therefore I give it and that is all.” The Excellency generously treated and sent him back. [Sūn] Quán asked about the situation, Huī said: “The enemy state’s hidden feelings, are in the end difficult to investigate. However I Huī secretly collect what is heard, that he will with Yuán Tán meet in battle, and does not yet have other intentions.” Therefore he appointed Huī as Bādōng Administrator, wishing to greatly employ him, it happened he died. His son Yù appellation Jìzé, when young was famous, rank reached Defending East General.
- Yōng’s clansmen Tì, appellation Zǐtōng, for filial and fraternal piety and incorruptible uprightness was heard in his hometown. At fifteen years he became a prefecture official, appointed Cadet Internal, gradually promoted to Assistant General. In [Sūn] Quán’s final years, primary and lesser [son] were not divided, Tì repeatedly with Elite Cavalry General Zhū Jù together explained the disasters and fortunes, words cutting and direct, and the Court dread them. He treated his wife by the rites, always at night entering and at dawn going out, rarely seeing her face. Once he was seriously ill, his wife went out to check him, Tì ordered his attendants to support him up, put on his cap and headscarf, rose to meet, and had his wife return, his chastity and not disrespeting was like this. Tì’s father Xiàng successively served as Magistrate of four counties, in old age retired, Tì every time obtaining his father’s letter, always cleaned and swept, ordered his clothes, and again set up table and mat, unfolding the letter on top, bowed nad knelt to read it, at every sentence he in answer nodded, finished, and again twice bowed. If his father had news of illness arrive, then overlooking the letter he would shed tears, his voice and speech choked with sobs. His father of old age ended, Tì did not have drink or broth enter his mouth for five days. [Sūn] Quán for him made one robe, all made of cotton, and strongly ordered Tì to shed his mourning clothes. Tì though because of public affairs restricted himself, so that he did not attend his father’s funeral, he always on the wall drew a picture of a coffin bier, set up a spirit seat below it, and every time facing it he wept, the mourning period was not finished and he died. Tì’s four sons were Yàn, Lǐ, Qiān, Mì. Mì was a Jìn Jiāozhōu Inspector. Mì’s son Zhòng was a Secretariat Deputy-Director.
Shào appellation Xiàozé, extensively read books and records, and enjoyed human relationships. When young he with his mother’s brother Lù Jì had equal reputation, and Lù Xùn, Zhāng Dūn, Bǔ Jìng and the rest were all next after. (1) From the province and prefecture to the four quarters men and elites, all came to meet him, some discuss suggestions and leaving, some joining closely and departing, his reputation flowed and was heard, far and near praised him. [Sūn] Quán gave him wife with [Sūn] Cè’s daughter.
- (1) Wúlù states: [Zhāng] Dūn appellation Shūfāng, [Bǔ] Jìng appellation Xuánfēng, all were Wújùn men. Dūn was virtuous and generous profound and restrained, pure and humble and living simply, and also good at literature. Sūn Quán became Chariots and Cavalry General, recruited him as West Department official, transferred to Registrar, sent out to fill vacancy as Hǎihūn Magistrate, deeply having kind influence, aged thirty-two years he died. Bǔ Jìng ended as Shàn Magistrate.
Aged twenty-seven years, he began career as Yùzhāng Administrator. Dismounting carriage he sacrificed to worthy predecessor classicist scholar Xú’s grave, and generously treated his descendants. He prohibited excessive sacrifices that violated ritual. Lesser officials whose natural talents were great, he ordered to attend school, selected those that advanced, promoting and installing them in senior duties. He raised good by teaching, and public morals were greatly enacted.
Previously, Qiántáng’s Dīng Xū was sent out in a conscripted squad, Yángxiàn’s Zhāng Bǐng was born as an ordinary commoner, Wūchéng’s Wú Càn and Yúnyáng’s Yīn Lǐ rose from lowly origins, Shào all selected out and befriended them, for them establishing reputation. When [Zhāng] Bǐng encountered great mourning, he personally wore mourning clothes and bound headscarf. When Shào was about to go to Yùzhāng, set out on road, it happened that [Zhāng] Bǐng was ill, those seeing him off were in the hundreds, Shào said to his guest retainers: “Zhāng Zhòngjié has illness, and bitterly cannot come to say goodbyes, I regret not seeing him, I will temporarily go back to say goodbyes, you sirs briefly wait.” His keeping heart with subordinates, thinking of where goodness was, all was of this sort. [Dīng] Xū reached Managing Army Internal Cadet, [Zhāng] Bǐng Yúnyáng Administrator, [Yīn] Lǐ Línglíng Adminsitrator, (2) [Wú] Càn Heir-Apparent’s Junior Tutor. The world believed Shào understood men. He was at the prefecture for five years, died in office, sons Tán and Chéng.
- (1) [Yīn] Lǐ’s son Jī made Tōngyǔ that said: Lǐ appellation Désì, when young he did not enjoy play, his hidden knowledge surpassed others. When young he became a prefecture official, at nineteen years, administered as Wúxiàn Deputy. Sūn Quán became King, summoned him as Cadet Internal. Later with Zhāng Wēn both were envoys to Shǔ, Zhūgě Liàng deeply praised and sighed in admiration of him. He gradually was promoted to reach Línglíng Administrator, died in office.
- Wénshì zhuàn states: Lǐ’s son Jī was Wúnán Commander, for talent and learning was famed, and wrote Tōngyǔ of several tens of piān. He had three sons. Jù appellation Yuándà, had talent and generosity, began as a Wú Supporting General, governed the family guard retainers, fortified Xiàkǒu, after Wú was pacified, he became Cāngwú Administrator. Youngest son Yòu appellation Qìngyuán, was a Wújùn Administrator.
Tán appellation Zǐmò, when capped with Zhūgě Kè and the rest were the Heir-Apparent’s Four Friends, from Internal Companion was transferred to Supporting Uprightness Commandant. (1)
- (1) Lù Jī for Tán made a biography that said: Xuān Tàizǐ [“Renowned Heir Apparent” Sūn Dēng] just had been ranked in the East Palace, Heaven’s Son for the sake of teaching and guidance, carefully selected the elegant and eminent, to lecture and teach as attendants. At the time the four quarter’s oustanding figures gathered, Grand Tutor Zhūgě Kè and the rest imposing and unusual above the masses, but Tán for purity and knowledge beyond compare, alone met with heavy reverence. From Grand Commandant Fàn Shèn, Xiè Jǐng, Yáng Huī and their sort, all for their elegance were praised for their name, but all were below Tán.
During Chìwū, he succeeded [Zhūgě] Kè as Left Integrity Degree. (2) Every time examining register book, never once did he set down counters, only counting fingers and in his heart calculating, but completely discovering doubts and errors, and subordinate officials because of this submitted to him. He was added Presenting Chariots Commandant. Xuē Zōng became Selections Department Secretariat, firmly deferring to Tán saying: “Tán’s heart is elite and form dense, passing through the way achieving the subtle, ability shining people, virtue filling the masses’ expectations, and truly is not what I this foolish subject can surpass.” Later he therefore succeeded [Xuē] Zōng.
- (2) Wúshū states: Tán first took up office, sent up memorial explaining matters, [Sūn] Quán stopped eating to praise its goodness, believing it excessively comprehensive. His elegant nature was high and bright, did not cultivate airs, some because of this watched [and resented] him, however [Sūn] Quán reflected on his ability, treated him extremely greatly, repeatedly giving endowments, and specially meeting and summoning him.
His grandfather Yōng died and after several moons, he became Minister of Ceremonies, succeeding Yōng in judging Secretariat affairs. At the time the King of Lǔ [Sūn] Bà had flourishing favor, with Heir-Apparent [Sūn] Hé equal, Tán sent up memorial that said: “I your servant have heard that one with state and with family, must clearly distinguish between main and lesser son, discriminate the rites of honored and lower, have high and lower have difference, ranks and levels not passed over, and by this then produce the kindness of bone and flesh kin, and cut off covetous gaze. In the past Jiǎ Yì explained plan for government and security, discussing the power of the vassal lords, believing that if the power was heavy, though close kin they would certainly accumulate rebellious nature, if the power was light, though distant kin they would protect and preserve the throne. Therefore [the King of] Huáinán was a close younger brother, he did not to the end enjoy that state, losing it was due to power being heavy; Wú Ruì was a distant subject, but passed down rule of Chángshā, obtaining it was due to power being light. In the past Hàn Wén-dì had lady Shèn with the Empress share a seating mat, Yuán Àng moved back the lady’s seat, the Emperor had angry look, but [Yuán] Àng recognized the ceremonies of high and low, and explained the warning of the human swine story, and the Emperor then was pleased, and the lady also understood. Now what I your servant explain, is not to be like those, but to truly wish to safeguard the Heir-Apparent and benefit the King of Lǔ.” Because of this [Sūn] Bà with Tán had discord.
At the time the elder princess’s husband General of the Guard Quán Cóng’s son [Quán] Jì became [Sūn] Bà’s guest retainer, [Quán] Jì by nature inclined to evil, and Tán did not accept him. Before this, Tán’s younger brother Chéng with Zhāng Xiū all northern campaigned against Shòuchūn, Quán Cóng at the time was Chief Regional Commander, with Wèi officer Wáng Líng battled at Quèpí, the army was not successful, the Wèi troops followed up on victory to capture and destroy Wǔyíng officer Qín Huǎng’s army, [Zhāng] Xiū and Tán exerted themselves in striking them, and therefore stopped the Wèi army. At the time [Quán] Cóng’s various sons [Quán] Xù, [Quán] Duān also together became officers, and because the enemy had stopped, then advanced to strike them, and [Wáng] Líng’s army retreated. At the time of discussing achievements and giving rewards, it was believed the achievement of stopping the army was larger, and the achievement of driving away the army was smaller, [Zhāng] Xiū and Chéng all became Miscellaneous Title Generals, [Quán] Xù and [Quán] Duān became Supporting and Assistant [Generals] and nothing more. [Quán] Jì father and sons increased their hatred, and together undermined Tán. (3) Tán in connection was exiled to Jiāozhōu, secluded he made effort, writing Xīnyán in twenty piān, its Zhīnán piān overall was about his own mourning and injury. He was exiled for two years, at forty-seven years old he died in Jiāozhǐ.
- (3) Wúlù states: Quán Cóng father and sons repeatedly said of the Quèpí campaign that the Standard Army Chén Xún falsely expanded Zhāng Xiū’s and Gù Chéng’s achievement, and Xiū and Chéng with [Chén] Xún were friendly. [Zhāng] Xiū in connection was bound in prison, [Sūn] Quán because of former relationship with Tán, muttered in hesitation without resolution, wishing to have Tán apologize for and release them. At the great meeting, of this he asked Tán, Tán would not apologize, and said: “Your Majesty, false slander has thus risen?”
- Jiāngbiǎozhuàn states: Managers memorialized that Tán was deceptive and greatly without respect, and the punishment should be death sentence. [Sūn] Quán because of former relationship with Tán, did not use law, and exiled them all.
Chéng appellation Zǐzhí, during Jiāhé [232-238] with his mother’s brother Lù Mào together with courtesy were summoned. [Sūn] Quán bestowed on Chancellor Yōng letter that said: “Your honored grandson Zǐzhí, is heard to have good reputation, reaching to our meeting, he surpassed what is heard, and for you commend him.” He was appointed Cavalry Commandant, managing the Feather Forest troops. Later he became Wújùn West Division Commandant, with Zhūgě Kè and others together pacified the Shānyuè, separately obtaining elite troops of eight thousand men, returning to garrison the army at Zhāngkēng, appointed Shining Righteousness Internal Cadet General, entered as Attendant Internal. In the Quèpí campaign, he was appointed Exerting Authority General, sent out as designate Jīngxià Commander. After several years, with his elder brother Tán, Zhāng Xiū, and the rest all together were exiled to Jiāozhōu, at thirty-seven years he died.