(35.3) Zhūgě Zhān 諸葛瞻 [Sīyuǎn 思遠]

[Zhūgě] Zhān appellation Sīyuǎn. Jiànxīng Twelfth Year [234], [Zhūgě] Liàng set out against Wǔgōng, and with his elder brother [Zhūgě] Jǐn wrote letter that said: “Zhān now is already eight years old, intelligent and lovable, but due to his early maturity, one is afraid he will not become a weighty vessel.” Aged seventeen years, he was bestowed a princess, appointed Cavalry Commandant. The next year be became Feather Forest Internal Cadet General, was frequently promoted to Shooting Sound Colonel, Attendant Internal, Secretariat Deputy Director, added Military Master General.

瞻字思遠。建興十二年,亮出武功,與兄瑾書曰:「瞻今已八歲,聰慧可愛,嫌其早成,恐不為重器耳。」年十七,尚公主,拜騎都尉。其明年為羽林中郎將,屢遷射聲校尉、侍中、尚書僕射,加軍師將軍。

Zhān was skilled in calligraphy and painting, strong in memory and recall, the Shǔ people in recollection of Liàng, all loved his talent and cleverness. At every Court meeting if there was a fine matter of good government, even if it was not by Zhān established or instigated, the common people would all tell one another: “It was Lord [Zhū]gě’s doing.” Therefore his beautiful reputation and overflowing praise had its surpassing of his reality.

瞻工書畫,彊識念,蜀人追思亮,咸愛其才敏。每朝廷有一善政佳事,雖非瞻所建倡,百姓皆傳相告曰:「葛侯之所為也。」是以美聲溢譽,有過其實。

Jǐngyào Fourth Year [261], he became Acting Capital Protector General of the Guard, and with Supporting the State General-in-Chief Marquis of Nánxiāng Dǒng Jué both judged Secretariat affairs. Sixth Year [263] winter, Wèi Campaigning West General Dèng Ài attacked Shǔ, from Yīnpíng by Jǐnggǔ road on the side entered. Zhān commanded the various armies to reach Fú and stationed, the front lines were defeated, retreated and returned, stationing at Miánzhú. [Dèng] Ài sent letter to entice Zhān that said: “If you surrender I will certainly memorialize you to be King of Lángyé.” Zhān was furious, and beheaded [Dèng] Ài’s envoy. Therefore they battled, he was greatly defeated, and on the battlefield died, at the time aged thirty-seven years. The army all scattered, and [Dèng] Ài quickly reached Chéngdū.

景耀四年,為行都護衛將軍,與輔國大將軍南鄉侯董厥並平尚書事。六年冬,魏征西將軍鄧艾伐蜀,自陰平由景谷道旁入。瞻督諸軍至涪停住,前鋒破,退還,住綿竹。艾遣書誘瞻曰:「若降者必表為琅邪王。」瞻怒,斬艾使。遂戰,大敗,臨陳死,時年三十七。眾皆離散,艾長驅至成都。

Zhān’s eldest son Shàng, with Zhān together died. (1) The next son Jīng and Pān’s son Xiǎn and others, in Xiánxī Inaugural year [264] inwardly moved to Hédōng. (2)

瞻長子尚,與瞻俱沒。〔一〕次子京及攀子顯等,咸熙元年內移河東。〔二〕

  • (1) Gān Bǎo states: Though Zhān’s knowledge was not enough to rescue from danger, his valor not enough to resist the enemy, yet he was able to outside not betray the state, inside not alter from his father’s will, his loyalty and filial piety preserved.
  • Huāyáng Guózhì states: Shàng sighed and said: “We father and son carry the state’s heavy favor, to not have earlier beheaded Huáng Hào, so that it led to downfall and defeat, what use is living?” Therefore he charged into the Wèi army and died.

〔一〕 干寶曰:瞻雖智不足以扶危,勇不足以拒敵,而能外不負國,內不改父之志,忠孝存焉。華陽國志曰:尚歎曰:「父子荷國重恩,不早斬黃皓,以致傾敗,用生何為!」乃馳赴魏軍而死。

  • (2) According to the Zhūgě clan registers it says: Jīng appellation Xíngzōng.
  • Jìn Tàishǐ Qǐjū zhù records the Imperial Order: “Zhūgě Liàng at Shǔ, exhausted his heart and strength, his son Zhān faced disaster and died righteously, number one of the good Under Heaven.” His grandson Jīng, due to talent became an official, later becoming Méi Magistrate.
  • Secretariat Deputy Director Shān Tāo’s Qǐshì states: “Méi Magistrate Zhūgě Jīng, his grandfather Liàng, encountered Hàn in chaos and divided, father and son were at Shǔ, though not able to attain Heaven’s Mandate, devoted all their heart in service. Jīng in governing Méi is repeatedly praised, and I your servant believe it is appropriate to have him fill vacancy in the East Palace Residents, to enlighten the reasoning of serving men, and complement the discussions of Liáng and Yì.” Jīng’s position reached Jiāng Province Inspector.

〔二〕 案諸葛氏譜云:京字行宗。晉泰始起居注載詔曰:「諸葛亮在蜀,盡其心力,其子瞻臨難而死義,天下之善一也。」其孫京,隨才署吏,後為郿令。尚書僕射山濤啟事曰:「郿令諸葛京,祖父亮,遇漢亂分隔,父子在蜀,雖不達天命,要為盡心所事。京治郿自復有稱,臣以為宜以補東宮舍人,以明事人之理,副梁、益之論。」京位至江州刺史。

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