(30.8) Yìlóu 挹婁

Yìlóu is to Fūyú’s northeast by over a thousand lǐ, bordering the great sea, the south with the north of Wòjǔ bordering, it is unknown where its north reaches. Its land has many mountains and rugged terrain. Its people in form resemble Fūyú. The language is not the same as with Fūyú and Gōulí. They have the five grains, ox, horses, hemp cloth. The people have much valor and strength. The are without an chief leader, the village tribes each have their own chieftain. They reside in the mountains and woods, frequently living in caves, the large families are deep needing nine stairs, with the more the better. The land and air is cold, more severe than in Fūyú. Their customs are to enjoy raising pigs, eating their meat, wearing their skins. In winter they use pig grease to cover their bodies, several fēn in thickness, to resist the cold weather. In summer then they are unclothed, with a chǐ of cloth covering their front and rear, to conceal their bodily form. Their people are not clean, making the animal pens in the center, the people residing around it. Their bows in length are four chǐ, strong as a crossbow, the arrows use hù [wood], length one chǐ and eight cùn, blue stone as the arrowhead, the ancient Sùshènshì’s state. They are good at shooting, when shooting someone they all strike the eye. The arrows are poisoned, people hit all die. They produce red jade, good sable, now what is called Yìlóu sable is this. From Hàn onward, they were subordinate to Fūyú, Fūyú burdened them with heavy taxes, and during Huángchū they rebelled against them. Fūyú repeatedly attacked them, though their people were few, their location was mountainous and rugged, the neighboring state’s peoples feared their bows and arrows, and in the end they could not be subdued. Their state then road boats to plunder and raid, the neighboring states suffered from this. The Dōngyí in drink and food all use zǔdòu [utensils], only Yìlóu does not, their laws and customs are the most without order.


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