Sūn Liàng, appellation Zǐmíng, was [Sūn] Quán’s youngest son. Quán was already old, while Liàng was the youngest, so he received special attention. His elder sister the Princess Quán [Sūn Lǔbān] had previously slandered the Heir-Apparent Hé and his mother and was [therefore] anxious, so she relied on [Sūn] Quán’s favor [for Sūn Liàng] and wished to establish a personal connection. She repeatedly praised Quán Shàng’s daughter, advising that she be wed to Liàng. Chìwū thirteenth year , Hé was deposed [as Heir-Apparent], and Quán established Liàng as Heir-Apparent, with the lady Quán as consort.
Tàiyáun  first year summer, Liàng’s mother lady Pān was installed as Empress. Winter, Quán was lying ill, and summoned General-in-Chief Zhūgě Kè to serve as Grand Tutor to the Heir-Apparent and Administrator of Kuàijī Téng Yìn as Minister of Ceremonies, to together receive Imperial Command to support the Heir-Apparent.
The next year  fourth moon, Quán died. The Heir-Apparent at once took Imperial title, issued a Great Amnesty, and changed [the reign-title to Jiànxīng]. That year was Wèi [calendar’s] Jiāpíng fourth year .
Intercalary moon, Kè became Grand Tutor to the Emperor, Yìn became General of the Guard with command over the affairs of the Secretariat, Senior General-in-Chief Lǚ Dài became Marshal-in-Chief, and all the civil and military officials with fiefs were advanced in noble rank and bestowed with rewards, and the remaining officials [without fief] were advanced in office.
Winter tenth moon, Grand Tutor Kè led the army to dam Cháohú and build the city Dōngxīng, sending General Quán Duān to defend the western city and Commandant Liú Lüè to defend the eastern city. Twelfth moon, beginning on bǐngshēn [Jan 17], there was great wind and lightning, and Wèi sent Generals Zhūgě Dàn, Hú Zūn, and others to command seventy thousand infantry and cavalry to besiege Dōngxīng, General Wáng Chǎng to attack Nán-jùn, and Guànqiū Jiǎn to advance on Wǔchāng.
Jiǎyín [Feb 4], Kè led a great army to oppose the enemy. Wùwǔ [Feb 8], the soldiers arrived at Dōngxīng, fought, and greatly defeated the Wèi army, killing Generals Hán Zòng, Huán Jiā, and others. That moon, there were thunderstorms that destroyed Wǔchāng’s Duān Gate. The Duān Gate was rebuilt, but there was another disaster [storm damage] inside the palace. (1)
- (1) Your Servant Sōngzhī comments: Sūn Quán’s Chìwū tenth year , an Imperial Order moved the timber and tiles of Wǔchāng’s Palace to be used to repair and build Jiànkāng’s Palace, yet here there is still a Duān Gate inside the palace.
- Wúlù says: Zhūgě Kè had the intention of moving the capital and building another Wǔchāng Palace. What was presently destroyed was what Kè had newly built.
Second year , spring, first moon, bǐngyín [Feb 17], lady Quán was installed as empress, and there was a Great Amnesty. Gēngwǔ, Wáng Chǎng and the other [Wèi officers] all retreated. Second moon, the [Wú] army returned from Dōngxīng, and many fiefs and rewards were bestowed.
Third moon, Kè led the army to attack Wèi. Summer, fourth moon, they besieged Xīnchéng [at Héféi]. There was a great epidemic, and over half of the soldiers died. Autumn, eighth moon, Kè led the army back.
Winter, tenth moon, there was a great feast. General of the Guard Sūn Jùn led hidden troops to ambush and kill Kè in the palace hall. A Great Amnesty [was issued], and Jùn became Chancellor, with fief as Marquis of Fùchūn. Eleventh moon, five giant birds were spotted at Chūnshēn, so the next year the reign title was changed.
Wǔfèng [meaning “Five Phoenixes,” see above] first year  summer, great floods. Autumn, Marquis of Wú [Sūn] Yīng plotted to kill Jùn, was discovered, and Yīng committed suicide. Winter, eleventh moon, a comet crossed the Dǒu and Niú [constellations]. (1)
- (1) Jiāngbiǎozhuàn states: That year in Jiāozhǐ, bài [type of grain] grasses transformed into planted fields of dào [type of grain].
Second year  spring first moon, Wèi General-in-Chief Defending the East Guànqiū Jiǎn and General of the Front Wén Qīn led the armies of Huáinán west and fought at Yuèjiā. Intercalary moon, rénchén [Mar 1], Jùn and General of Elite Cavalry Lǚ Jù and General of the Left Liú Zàn led troops to attack Shòuchūn. The army arrived at Dōngxīng, and heard that Qīn and the others had been defeated. Rényín [Mar 14], the troops advanced to Tuógāo, and Qīn came to Jùn to surrender. Huáinán’s remaining armies of several tens of thousands came to submit. Wèi’s [General] Zhūgě Dàn entered Shòuchūn. Jùn led the army back.
Second moon, they fought with Wèi General Cáo Zhēn at Gāotíng, and Zhēn was completely defeated. Liú Zàn was defeated by Dàn’s separate officer Jiǎng Bān at Gūbēi. Zàn and Generals Sūn Léng, Jiǎng Xiū and others all encountered harm. Third moon, General Defending the South Zhū Yì was sent to attack Ānfēng, but was unsuccessful.
Autumn seventh moon, Generals Sūn Yí, Zhāng Yí, Lín Xún, and others plotted to kill [Sūn] Jùn, and were discovered. [Sūn] Yí killed himself, and Xún and the others went into hiding. A large stone on Lílǐ mountain in Yángxiàn stood up on its own.
Minister of the Guard Féng Cháo was sent to fortify Guǎnglíng, General Wú Ráng was appointed Administrator of Guǎnglíng, and Liú Lüè was appointed Administrator of Dōnghǎi.
That year there was a great drought.
Twelfth moon, the Tài “Grand” Temple [for Sūn Quán] was built. An envoy was sent to appoint Féng Cháo Supervisor of the Army, with command over all the military affairs of Xúzhōu. The people were starving and the soldiers resentful.
Tàipíng first year  spring, (1) beginning of the second moon, there was a fire at Jiànyè.
- Wúlì states: First moon, a Temple was established for [Sūn] Quán, called Tàizǔ “Grand Founder” Temple.
[Sūn] Jùn employed General-in-Chief Attacking the North Wén Qīn’s plan and commanded an expedition against Wèi. Eighth moon, he sent ahead Qīn and [General of] Elite Cavalry Lǚ Jù, [General of] Chariots and Cavalry Liú Zuǎn, [General] Defending the South Zhū Yì, and General of the Front Táng Zī to lead their armies from Jiāngdū to enter the region of the rivers Huái and Sì.
Ninth moon, dīnghài [Oct 19], Jùn died. His younger cousin Assistant General [Sūn] Chēn became Palace Attendant, General of the Martial Guard, with authority over all military affairs inside and out, and summoned back [Lǚ] Jù and the others, who heard Chēn had succeeded Jùn and were furious.
Jǐchǒu [Oct 21], Marshal-in-Chief Lǚ Dài died. Rénchén [Oct 24], Tàibái [Venus] crossed the southern dǒu [dipper constellation]. Jù, Qīn, Zī, and the rest memorialized to recommend General of the Guard Téng Yìn as Chancellor. Chēn would not listen. Guǐmǎo [Nov 4], Yìn was appointed Marshal-in-Chief to succeed Lǚ Dài and garrison Wǔchāng. Jù led his troops back, and wished to attack Chēn. Chēn sent an envoy with a written Imperial Order to send Qīn, Zī, and others to arrest Jù.
Winter, tenth moon, dīngwèi [Nov 8], Sūn Xiàn with Dīng Fèng, Shī Kuān, and others were sent with ships and troops to attack Jù at Jiāngdū, and Liú Chéng was sent to command infantry and cavalry to attack Yìn. Yìn and his troops were defeated and exterminated. Jǐyǒu [Nov 10], there was a Great Amnesty, and the reign-title was changed. Xīnhài [Nov 12], Lǚ Jù was captured at Xīnzhōu. Eleventh moon, Chēn was appointed General-in-Chief with Acting Staff of Authority and given fief as Marquis of Yǒngníng. Sūn Xiàn and General Wáng Dūn plotted to kill Chēn, the affair was discovered, and Chēn killed Dūn and forced Xiàn to commit suicide. Twelfth moon, Five Office Internal Cadet-General Diāo Xuán was sent to inform Shǔ of the disorder.
Second year , spring, second moon, jiǎyín [Apr 4], heavy rain and shaking thunder. Yǐmǎo [Apr 5], snow and bitter cold. Chángshā’s eastern part became Xiāngdōng prefecture and western part became Héngyáng prefecture. Kuàijī’s eastern part became Línhǎi prefecture. Yùzhāng‘s eastern part became Línchuān prefecture.
Summer, fourth moon, [Sūn] Liàng personally oversaw the main hall, issued a Great Amnesty, and for the first time personally governed affairs. The memorials that Chēn sent often received difficult questions. He also gathered the younger relatives of troops younger than eighteen and older than fifteen, obtaining over three thousand people. He chose the younger relatives of great officers who had courage and strength to serve as the commanding officers. Liàng said: “I established this army, so that we can grow up together.” Every day they practiced drills within the [palace] gardens. (1)
- (1) Wúlì states: Liàng repeatedly went to the internal library to inspect Sūn Quán’s former affairs, and asked his attendants and servants: “The former Emperor often issued special Edicts [to discuss things with officials], yet now whenever the General-in-Chief [Sūn Chēn] asks about affairs, he orders me only to write approval?” Liàng later went out to the west garden, and wished to eat unripe plums. He sent to Yellow Gate [attendant] to the palace storehouse to fetch honey to soak the plums. Inside the honey were rat droppings. He summoned and interrogated the storehouse official, and the storehouse officials bowed his head to the ground. Liàng asked the official: “Did the Yellow Gate attendant request this honey from you?” The official said: “He requested, but I did not dare take part in this.” The Yellow Gate attendant did not corroborate this. Palace Attendants Diāo Xuán and Zhāng Bīn said: “The Yellow Gate’s and storehouse official’s words do not agree. We ask they be handed over to prison to investigate this.” Liàng said: “This is very easy to resolve.” He ordered the rat droppings be broken open, and inside the droppings were dry. Liàng greatly laughed and said to Xuán and Bīn: “If the droppings were freshly placed in the honey, both inside and out would be moist. Now the droppings are moist outside and dry inside, so it must certainly be the Yellow Gate’s doing. The Yellow Gate confessed, and among the attendants none were not startled.
- Jiāngbiǎozhuàn states: Liàng sent the Yellow Gate attendant with a silver bowl and lid to the palace storehouse to fetch sugar syrup sent from Jiāozhōu. The Yellow Gate had a grudge against the storehouse official, placed rat droppings in the syrup, and said that the storehouse official was negligent. Liàng called over the official to bring the syrup container, and asked him: “This container is covered and moreover is filled to the top, so there was no opportunity for this to happen. Does the Yellow Gate have a grudge against you?” The official bowed his head to the ground and said: “Once he asked for mats from the Palace. The Palace mats are counted, so I did not dare agree.” Liàng said: “This must be it.” He again asked the Yellow Gate, who confessed, and was immediately shaved of hair and beaten, and sent to the outer bureau.
- Your Servant Sōngzhī believes that if the rat droppings were new, then both outside and inside would be moist. If the Yellow Gate used new droppings then his crime would never have been found. He had to use dry droppings in order to demonstrate Liàng’s intelligence. Therefore what Wúlì states here is not as accurate as Jiāngbiǎozhuàn.
Fifth moon, Wèi General-in-Chief Attacking the East Zhūgě Dàn led the armies of Huáinán to defend Shòuchūn city and sent General Zhū Chéng to present a memorial to pledge fealty [to Wú]. He also sent his son Jìng, Chief Clerk Wú Gāng and all the younger relatives of his Standard as hostages. Sixth moon, Wén Qīn, Táng Zī, Quán Duān, and others led thirty thousand infantry and cavalry to rescue Dàn. Zhū Yì led his army from Hǔlín to attack Xiàkǒu. Commander of Xiàkǒu Sūn Yī defected to Wèi. Autumn seventh moon, Chēn led his army to rescue Shòuchūn, and arrived at Huòlǐ. Zhū Yì came from Xiàkǒu, and Chēn sent Yì to command the front, with Dīng Fèng and others to lead fifty thousand armored troops to break the siege.
Eighth moon, Kuàijī’s southern part rebelled, killing the [commandery’s] Commandant. The people of Póyáng and Xīndū rebelled. Minister of Justice Dīng Mì, Infantry Colonel Zhèng Zhòu, and General Zhōnglí Mù led their armies to suppress them. Zhū Yì because his army’s food supplies were exhausted retreated. Chēn was furious. Ninth moon, beginning on jǐsì [Sep 26], [Sūn Chēn] killed Yì at Huòlǐ. Xīnwèi [Sep 28], Chēn returned from Huòlǐ to Jiànyè. Jiǎshēn [Oct 11], a Great Amnesty was issued.
Eleventh moon, Quán Xù’s sons Yī and Yí with their mother defected to Wèi. Twelfth moon, Quán Duān, [Quán] Yì, and others went from Shòuchūn city to surrender to Sīmǎ [Zhāo] Wén-wáng.
Third year  spring, first moon, Zhūgě Dàn killed Wén Qīn. Third moon, Sīmǎ Wén-wáng overcame Shòuchūn. Dàn and his attendants died in battle. The officers and officials down all surrendered. Autumn seventh moon, former King of Qí [Sūn] Fèn was given fief as Marquis of Zhāng’ān. An Imperial Order was sent to the provinces and prefectures to send timber for a palace.
From the eighth moon there were rain clouds without rain for over forty days. Liàng, because Chēn acted without restraint, plotted with Minister of Ceremonies Quán Shàng and General Liú Chéng to execute Chēn. Ninth moon wùwǔ [Sep 9], Chēn led troops to arrest Shàng, and sent his younger brother [Sūn] Ēn to attack and kill Chéng outside Cānglóng “Blue Dragon” Gate. He summoned all the chief officials to a meeting outside the palace gates, and deposed Liàng to King of Kuàijī. At the time [Sūn Liàng] was aged sixteen years.