Shī Jì 施績 [Gōngxù 公緒]
Zhū Rán appellation Yìfēng was [Zhū] Zhì’s elder sister’s son, originally surnamed Shī. Previously Zhì had not yet had sons, and Rán was thirteen years, so therefore he asked [Sūn] Cè to request to take [Zhū Rán] as his heir. Cè ordered Dānyáng prefecture to prepare rams and wine and summon Rán. Rán arrived at Wú, and Cè used special ceremony to congratulate him.
Rán once studied together with [Sūn] Quán, and they became very friendly and loving. When Quán took over affairs , Rán was appointed Chief of Yúyáo, at the time aged nineteen years. Later he was transferred to Magistrate of Shānyīn, with additional office as Colonel Breaking Charges with command over five counties. Quán was impressed with his ability, and divided Dānyáng to form Línchuān prefecture, with Rán as its Administrator, (1) and awarded him 2000 troops.
- (1) Your Servant Sōngzhī comments: This prefecture was abolished, and is not the current Línchuān prefecture.
At the time mountain bandits were growing stronger and rising up. Rán attacked to pacify them, and between ten days and a moon they were settled. Excellency Cáo set out against Rúxū. Rán prepared a large wall and three gate garrisons, and was appointed Assistant-General.
Jiàn’ān twenty-fourth year , he followed in attacking Guān Yǔ, leading a separate command with Pān Zhāng to arrive at Línjǔ and capturing Yǔ. He was promoted to General Manifesting Martial Ability with fief as Marquis of Xī’ān village.
General of Tiger Might Lǚ Méng was critically ill. Quán asked: “If you cannot rise, who can act on your behalf?”
Méng answered: “Zhū Rán has abundant guts and integrity. I believe he can be appointed.”
Méng died. Quán gave Rán Acting Staff of Authority to defend Jiānglíng.
Huángwǔ first year , Liú Bèi led troops to attack Yídū. Rán commanded 5000 men to join strength with Lù Xùn to resist Bèi. Rán led a separate command to attack and destroy Bèi’s front lines and cut off his rear lines. Bèi was therefore defeated and fled. He was promoted to General Attacking the North with fief as Marquis of Yǒng’ān.
Wèi sent Cáo Zhēn, Xiàhóu Shàng, Zhāng Hé, and others to attack Jiānglíng. Wèi Wén-dì [Cáo Pī] personally occupied Wǎn to serve as reserve support, and the line of camps surrounded the city. Quán sent General Sūn Shèng to command 10,000 men to make preparations on an islet, and establish an encircling wall, to serve as outside support for Rán. [Zhāng] Hé ferried troops across to attack [Sūn] Shèng. Shèng could not resist, and immediately retreated. Hé occupied the islet fortifications, and Rán’s connections to the outside were cut off. Quán sent Pān Zhāng, Yáng Càn, and others to relieve [the siege], but the siege could not be relieved.
At the time among Rán’s troops in the city many suffered swelling illness, and those that could fight were reduced to 5000 men. [Cáo] Zhēn and others raised up earthen mounds, dug tunnels, established tower turrets, and shot arrows into the city pouring down like rain. The troops all lost color [in fear], but Rán was calm as if he had no fear, urged on his officials and troops, and waited for an opening to attack and destroy two camps.
Wèi attacked and besieged Rán for six moons, and had not yet withdrawn. Magistrate of Jiānglíng. Yáo Tài led troops to prepare the city’s north gate, saw that the troops outside were strong while the people inside the city were few, the grain provisions were about to be exhausted, and therefore communicated with the enemy, plotting to support them from the inside. When it was about to happen, the plot was discovered, and Rán killed Tài. [Xiàhóu] Shàng and the others could not overcome them, and therefore ended the attack and withdrew. Because of this Rán’s name shook the enemy state, and his fief was changed to Marquis of Dāngyáng.
Sixth year , Quán personally led an army to attack Shíyáng. When they were returning, Pān Zhāng was cutoff in the rear. In the night there was confusion, and the enemy pursued and attacked Zhāng, and Zhāng could not resist them. Rán at once returned to resist the enemy, sent ahead the ships and waited until they were far, and only at the end set off [himself].
Huánglóng first year  he was appointed General of Chariots and Cavalry, Right Protector of the Army, with office as Governor of Yǎnzhōu. Shortly afterward, as Yǎnzhōu was in Shǔ’s portion [of the planned division of Wèi between Shǔ and Wú], he left office as Governor.
Jiāhé third year  Quán and Shǔ at the same time greatly raised [troops]. Quán himself went toward Xīnchéng. Rán and Quán Cóng each received Battle-Axes of Authority as Left and Right Commanders. At the time among the officials and soldiers there was disease, and therefore before they even attacked they retreated.
Chìwū fifth year  he attacked Zūzhōng. (1) Wèi Generals Pú Zhōng and Hú Zhì each commanded several thousand men. Zhōng occupied strategic rugged passes, planning to cut off Rán’s rear. Zhì served as Zhōng’s support.
- (1) Xiāngyángjì states: Zū is pronounced as Zū in Zūshuì “land tax.” Zūzhōng is at the border of Shànghuáng, 150 lǐ from Xiāngyáng. In the time of Wèi, the foreigner chieftain Méifū and his brothers, three people, commanded retainers of over ten thousand households and garrisoned there, scattered in huts west of Yíchéng in the hills and Yān and Miǎn two valleys. The land is flat and spacious, suitable for growing mulberry and hemp, and the water and land is good for growing fields. The wet and fertile soil south of the Miǎn is called Zūzhōng.
At the time, the troops and officers Rán commanded were scattered in all directions, but when he heard he did not summon them back, instead commanding those under his banner numbering 800 men in a surprise attack. Zhōng fought battle but was unsuccessful, and Zhì and the rest retreated. (2)
- (2) Sūnshì Yìtóngpíng states: The Wèishū and Jiāngbiǎozhuàn say that Rán in Jǐngchū first year  and Zhèngshǐ second year  again set out to plunder, and the defeat of Hú Zhì and Pú Zhōng was in Jǐngchū first year . The Wèizhì [SGZ 1-30] follows Wèishū, but deviates and does not say that Zhì and the rest were defeated by Rán, instead only saying Rán retreated and that is all. The Wúzhì [SGZ 46-60] says in Chìwū fifth year, which was Wèi’s Zhèngshǐ third year, Wèi General Pú Zhōng and Zhū Rán fought, Zhōng was unsuccessful, and Zhì and the rest all retreated. According to Wèi Shàodìjì [SGZ 4] and the biography of Sūn Quán [SGZ 47], in that year both have no such matter, so this is Chén Shòu‘s error in making Jiāhé sixth year  into Chìwū fifth year  and that is all.
Ninth year , he again attacked Zūzhōng. Wèi General Lǐ Xīng and others heard that Rán had penetrated deeply, and led 6000 infantry and cavalry to cut off Rán’s rear lines. Rán in the night set out and opposed them, and his army was victorious and returned.
Before this, the defector Mǎ Mào plotted treason, was discovered and executed, and Quán deeply hated him. Rán when he was about to set out sent up a memorial: “This despicable Mǎ Mào dared to betray such favor and care. I your servant now follow your Heavenly authority and receiving your grace will certainly overcome and be victorious, and wish to gain victories to shake and dazzle far and near, block the Jiāng with warships to create a magnificent sight, in order to relieve the anger of the high and low. May Your Majesty remember I your servant’s previous words when considering I your servant’s later deeds.”
Quán at the time his the memorial and did not let it out. When Rán presented his victory, all the ministers sent up congratulations. Quán therefore prepared a drinking [feast] and made merry, and sent out Rán’s memorial, saying: “This is his previous memorial. I thought it would be difficult [for him to achieve his] desire, but now it is indeed as he said. He can be said to clearly understand affairs.” He sent an envoy to promote Rán to Left Marshal-in-Chief and Right Master of the Army.
Rán’s height did not reach seven chǐ [~1.6m], in his dealings he was clear and open, was moral and pure in conduct. His grace and talents were only devoted to military affairs, and in all other areas he was unadorned. He was respectful all day long, was always on the battlefield, faced danger with guts and determination, exceptional over all other men. Even if at the time there were no affairs, every morning and night he sternly drummed, and the troops in his camp were all prepared in formation, and because of this he bewildered his enemies, causing them to not know how to prepare, and therefore whenever he set out he at once had achievement.
Zhūgě Jǐn’s son Róng and Bù Zhì’s son Xié, though each inherited appointments, Quán specially employed Rán as their chief commander. Furthermore when Lù Xùn died, the accomplished ministers and famed generals believed that with only Rán remaining none could compare to his greatness.
He was bedridden with illness for two years, and later it gradually became more serious. Quán in the day ate less and in the night could not sleep soundly, all the while sending envoys to offer medicine to eat and staring at the road [to wait for replies]. Every time Rán sent an envoy memorializing the condition of his illness, Quán would at once summon [the envoy] to meet, with his own mouth ask questions, bestowing food and drink as they came and gifting cloth and silk as they left. In the illness of his ministers accomplished in establishing his enterprise, Quán was deeply concerned, with Lǚ Méng and Líng Tǒng as the most, and Rán the next.
Aged sixty-eight years, Chìwū twelfth year  he died. Quán wore white [mourning] clothes and was mournful, and greatly grieved for him. His son Jì succeeded.
Jì appellation Gōngxù. Due to his father he was appointed as Gentleman, and later appointed Colonel Establishing Loyalty. His father’s younger brother Cái died, and Jì took command of his troops, and followed Minister of Ceremonies Pān Jùn in attacking Wǔxī, and was for his guts and strength praised. He was promoted to Assistant-General camp lower command, with authority over bandit affairs, and in applying the law he was impartial. The King of Lǔ [Sūn] took note of Jì, and once visited his office, at once sitting, wishing to befriend Jì. Jì rose and remained standing, declining as it was inappropriate [for them to act like equals by sitting together].
Rán died . Jì inherited his work, and was appointed General Pacifying Wèi and Commander of Lèxiāng.
Next year , Wèi General Attacking the South Wáng Chǎng led an army to attack Jiānglíng city, could not overcome it and retreated. Jì wrote a letter to General Exerting Authority Zhūgě Róng that said: “Chǎng came from afar and was fatigued, his horses had nothing to eat, his strength failed and he fled. This was the assistance of Heaven. Now if we pursue them when their strength is little, we can lead troops and take them. I wish to break through at the front, and you sir can take advantage of this from the rear. How can this be the achievement of one man? It is suitable for us to together righteously break metal.” Róng answered to permit Jì.
Jì then summoned troops and met with Chǎng at Jǐnán. Jǐnán was thirty lǐ from the city. Jì first fought and was successful but Róng did not advance, and Jì later was defeated. Quán deeply praised Jì, and was exceedingly critical and angry at Róng. Róng’s elder brother General-in-Chief Kè was esteemed and important, and therefore Róng was not dismissed. Previously Jì with Kè and Róng were not friendly, and after this incident, their discord became very deep.
Jiànxīng Inaugural Year  he was promoted to General Defending the East.
Second year spring, Kè headed toward Xīnchéng and summoned Jì to join their strength, but had him remain at Bànzhōu and sent Róng to take over his post. Winter, Kè and Róng were killed. Jì returned to Lèxiāng and was given Acting Staff of Authority.
Tàipíng second year  he was promoted to General of Elite Cavalry. Sūn Chēn controlled the government. All the great ministers suspected and betrayed [one another]. Jì feared that Wú would certainly be disturbed and the central states [Wèi] would take the opportunity to attack, so he therefore secretly wrote a letter to Shǔ, explaining their fear of being conquered. Shǔ sent General of the Right Yán Yǔ to lead 5000 troops to increase the defense at Báidì, to wait for Jì’s later orders.
At the beginning of Yǒng’ān [258-264], he was promoted to General-in-Chief and and Regional Protector Commander, moving from Bāqiū up[stream] to Xīlíng.
Yuánxīng first year  he was at once promoted to Left Marshal-in-Chief.
Previously, after Rán had completed mourning for Zhì, he asked to return to his original surname, but Quán would not permit this. Jì during Wǔfèng [254-256] memorialized to return to the Shī surname. Jiànhéng second year  he died.