(15.5) Wēn Huī 温恢 [Mànjī 曼基]

Wēn Huī, appellation Mànjī, was a Tàiyuán Qí man. His father Shù was Administrator of Zhuō-jùn, and died. Huī was aged fifteen, and went with the coffin back to their hometown. The household had some wealth, but Huī said: “Soon there will be chaos. Can wealth protect us?” In one morning he spent all his wealth by distributing it to his clansmen. The local people all praised him, comparing him to Xún Yuè.

溫恢字曼基,太原祁人也。父恕,為涿郡太守,卒。恢年十五,送喪還歸鄉里,內足於財。恢曰:「世方亂,安以富為?」一朝盡散,振施宗族。州里高之,比之郇越。

He was nominated as Filial and Incorrupt and became Chief of Lǐnqiū, Magistrate of Yānlíng and Guǎngchuān, Chancellor of Péngchéng and Lǔ, and wherever he was he met with praise. He entered the Court as Registrar to the Chancellor, and was sent out as Inspector of Yángzhōu. Tàizǔ said: “Though I deeply wish to employ you nearby, that is not as important as the affairs of this province. Previously the Shū[jīng] said: ‘A trusted aide is great. Managing affairs is prosperous.’ Is that not why Jiǎng Jì will be your Internal Aide?” At the time Jì had been Administrator of Dānyáng, and so Jì was sent to return to that province.

舉孝廉,為廩丘長,鄢陵、廣川令,彭城、魯相,所在見稱。入為丞相主簿,出為揚州刺史。太祖曰:「甚欲使卿在親近,顧以為不如此州事大。故書云:『股肱良哉!庶事康哉!』得無當得蔣濟為治中邪?」時濟見為丹楊太守,乃遣濟還州。

[Tàizǔ] also said to Zhāng Liáo, Yuè Jìn, and others: “The Inspector of Yángzhōu’s authority includes military affairs. In all actions you must consult together with him.”

又語張遼、樂進等曰:「揚州刺史曉達軍事,動靜與共咨議。」


Jiàn’ān twenty-fourth year [219], Sūn Quán attacked Héféi. At the time all the provincial forces were garrisoned in one place. Huī said to the Inspector of Yǎnzhōu Péi Qián: “Though there are rebels here at this front, there is nothing to worry about. But I fear [the General] Attacking the South [Cáo Rén] will soon suffer a sudden change. Presently, the river waters are high and [Cáo] Zǐxiào’s army is alone and far away in their defense. Guān Yǔ is brave and perceptive, and will take advantage [of the flood] to advance. There will certainly be disaster.” Soon enough there was trouble at Fánchéng.

建安二十四年,孫權攻合肥,是時諸州皆屯戍。恢謂兗州刺史裴潛曰:「此閒雖有賊,不足憂,而畏征南方有變。今水生而子孝縣軍,無有遠備。關羽驍銳,乘利而進,必將為患。」於是有樊城之事。

An Imperial Order summoned Qián and Inspector of Yùzhōu Lǚ Gòng and others. Qián was slow to respond. Huī secretly said to him: “This is certainly because of emergency in Xiāngyáng that you have been summoned. The reason why it is not an emergency summon is so as to not alarm distant armies. In one or two days there will be a secret letter to order you to urgently depart, and Zhāng Liáo and the others will also soon be summoned. Liáo and the others understand the King’s meaning. If you do not arrive before they receive their summons, you will be in trouble!” After Qián heard these words, he left behind his heavy supplies and went quickly with light troops. He indeed received secret summons. Liáo and the others were summoned, all as Huī had predicted.

詔書召潛及豫州刺史呂貢等,潛等緩之。恢密語潛曰:「此必襄陽之急欲赴之也。所以不為急會者,不欲驚動遠眾。一二日必有密書促卿進道,張遼等又將被召。遼等素知王意,後召前至,卿受其責矣!」潛受其言,置輜重,更為輕裝速發,果被促令。遼等尋各見召,如恢所策。


When Wén-dì ascended [220], Huī was appointed as Palace Attendant, then sent out as Administrator of Wèi-jùn. After several years he was transferred to Inspector of Liángzhōu with a Staff of Authority and as Colonel Protecting the Qiāng. On the way he fell ill and died. At the time he was aged forty-five.

文帝踐阼,以恢為侍中,出為魏郡太守。數年,遷涼州刺史,持節領護羌校尉。道病卒,時年四十五。

An Imperial Order said: “Huī was a stone pillar of support, served the Former Emperor, with merits that were always renowned. When he was in Our service, he was loyal to the Royal Household, and so he was entrusted with appointment to serve far away, to handle all affairs in that direction. That this should not be is something that I deeply regret!”

詔曰:「恢有柱石之質,服事先帝,功勤明著。及為朕執事,忠於王室,故授之以萬里之任,任之以一方之事。如何不遂,吾甚愍之!」

Huī’s son Shēng was bestowed with title as Marquis with the Passes. Shēng died young, and the succession ended.

賜恢子生爵關內侯。生早卒,爵絕。


After Huī died, Mèng Jiàn of Rǔnán was appointed Inspector of Liángzhōu, had reputation in government, and his office reached General Attacking the East. (1)

恢卒後,汝南孟建為涼州刺史,有治名,官至征東將軍。〔一〕

  • (1) Wèilüè states: Jiàn appellation Gōngwēi. When young he traveled and studied with Zhūgě Liàng. Later when Liàng set off on campaign from Qí mountain, he replied to a letter from Sīmǎ Xuān-wáng by sending Dù Zǐxù to announce his intentions to Gōngwēi.

〔一〕 魏略曰:建字公威,少與諸葛亮俱游學。亮後出祁山,答司馬宣王書,使杜子緒宣意於公威也。

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