Zhū Líng 朱靈 [Wénbó 文博]
Xú Huǎng appellation Gōngmíng was a man of Yáng in Hédōng. He became a prefecture official, followed General of Chariots and Cavalry Yáng Fèng in suppressing bandits, had achievements, and was appointed Cavalry Commandant. Lǐ Jué and Guō Sì were causing chaos in Cháng’ān. Huǎng advised [Yáng] Fèng, urging him to with Heaven’s Son return Luòyáng, and [Yáng] Fèng followed this plan. Heaven’s Son crossed the [Yellow] River and reached Ānyì, and gave fief to Huǎng as a capital precinct marquis. When they arrived at Luòyáng, Hán Xiān and Dǒng Chéng daily fought, and Huǎng advised [Yáng] Fèng to join Tàizǔ [Cáo Cāo]. [Yáng] Fèng wished to follow this, but regretted it. Tàizǔ suppressed [Yáng] Fèng at Liáng, and Huǎng therefore joined Tàizǔ.
Tàizǔ gave Huǎng troops, sending him to attack Quán and Yuánwǔ bandits, he defeated them, and was appointed Supporting-General. He followed the campaign against Lǚ Bù , and separately received surrenders of [Lǚ] Bù’s Generals Zhào Shù, Lǐ Zōu, and others. With Shǐ Huàn they beheaded Suī Gù at Hénèi. He followed in defeating Liú Bèi, and also followed in defeating Yán Liáng, capturing Báimǎ, and advancing to Yánjīn, defeating Wén Chǒu, and was appointed Deputy-General. With Cáo Hóng they attacked Yǐnjiàng bandit Zhù Bì, defeated him, and with Shǐ Huàn attacked Yuán Shào’s transport chariots at Gùshì. His achievements were the most numerous, and he was given fief as a capital precinct Marquis.
When Tàizǔ besieged Yè , defeating Hándān, Magistrate of Yìyáng Hán Fàn falsely surrendered his city but resisted and defended, and Tàizǔ sent Huǎng to attack them. Huǎng arrived, shot arrows into the city, to explain the possible successes or failures. [Hán] Fàn was regretful, and Huǎng at once received his surrender. Soon after he advised Tàizǔ: “The two Yuán [Tán and Shàng] are not yet defeated, and all the cities not yet taken ready their ears and listen. Today we have wiped out Yìyáng, but tomorrow all to the death defend, and I fear the [Yellow] River’s north will not be settled for long. May your Excellency recruit Yìyáng to show to all the cities, and then there will be none who do not follow the situation.” Tàizǔ agreed to this.
He separately suppressed Máochéng, set up hidden troops for surprise attacks, and destroyed three camps. He followed in defeating Yuán Tán at Nánpí, suppressed rebels and bandits, and overcame them.
He followed in the campaign against Tàdùn , and was appointed General Crossing Wilderness.
He followed the campaign against Jīngzhōu , separately camped at Fán, suppressed Zhōnglú, Línjǔ, and Yíchéng bandits. He also with Mǎn Chǒng suppressed Guān Yǔ at Hànjīn, and with Cáo Rén attacked Zhōu Yú at Jiānglíng.
[Jiàn’ān] Fifteenth year , he suppressed Tàiyuán rebels, besieged Dàlíng, captured it, beheading the rebel commander Shāng Yào. Hán Suì, Mǎ Chāo, and others rebelled right [west] of the Passes, and he sent Huǎng to camp Fényīn to support Hédōng, bestow oxen and wine, to send up to ancestral tombs.
Tàizǔ reached Tóngguān , was afraid they would not be able to cross, and summoned and asked Huǎng. Huǎng said: “Your Excellency’s flourishing troops are here, but the rebels do not again separately defend Púbǎn, so we know they have no plans. Now if I your Servant with elite troops (1) cross Púbǎn’s ford, serving as the army’s front position, and cut off their position, and the rebels can be taken.”
- (1) Your Servant Sōngzhī says: Huǎng at this time would not have answered by calling himself ‘I your Servant.’ This is the biography writer’s error.
Tàizǔ said: “Excellent,” and sent Huǎng with infantry and cavalry 4000 men to cross the ford. He built fortifications but before they were complete, the rebel Liáng Xīng in the night commanded infantry and cavalry of over 5000 men to attack Huǎng, but Huǎng attacked and drove them away, and Tàizǔ‘s army was able to cross.
Then they defeated [Mǎ] Chāo and the rest, and Huǎng was sent with Xiàhóu Yuān to pacify Yúmí’s and Qiān’s various Dī peoples, and with Tàizǔ rejoined at Āndìng. Tàizǔ returned to Yè, and sent Huǎng with Xiàhóu Yuān to pacify Fū’s and Xiàyáng’s remaining bandits, beheading Liáng Xīng, and receiving the surrender of over 3000 households.
He followed the campaign against Zhāng Lǔ. Huǎng was separately sent to suppress and attack Dú’s and Qiúyí’s various mountain Dī peoples, and received surrenders from all of them. He was promoted General Pacifying Bandits. He relieved General Zhāng Shùn’s siege, and attacked the rebel Chén Fú and others in over 30 camps, and destroyed them all.
Tàizǔ returned to Yè, leaving Huǎng with Xiàhóu Yuān to resist Liú Bèi at Yángpíng. [Liú] Bèi sent Chén Shì and others with over 10 battalions to cut off Mǎmínggé road, but Huǎng separately campaigned and defeated them, and the rebels threw themselves into the mountain valley, and many died. Tàizǔ heard of this and was deeply pleased, gave Huǎng a Staff of Authority, and the Order said: “This road is Hànzhōng’s vital throat. Liú Bèi wished to cut off the outside and inside, in order to capture Hànzhōng. You General in one move overcame and defeated the rebel plans, and are the greatest of the great.”
Tàizǔ then Himself reached Yángpíng , and led back Hànzhōng’s various armies. Huǎng was again sent to assist Cáo Rén to suppress Guān Yǔ, and camped at Wǎn. It happened that the Hàn river violently rose, and Yú Jīn and the rest were flooded. [Guān] Yǔ besieged [Cáo] Rén at Fán, and also besieged General Lǚ Cháng at Xiāngyáng.
Huǎng’s command were mostly new troops, and so [Guān] Yǔ was difficult to fight, and therefore he advanced to Yánglíng slope and camped. Tàizǔ again returned, and sent Generals Xú Shāng, Lǚ Jiàn, and others to join Huǎng. The Order said: “Wait for troops and horses to gather and arrive, and then all together advance.”
The rebels camped at Yǎnchéng. Huǎng arrived, and feigned on the road building a moat, acting as if he wished to cut off their rear, so the rebels burned their camps and fled. Huǎng captured Yǎnchéng, the two sides linked camps, he slowly advanced, and from the rebel barricades was three zhàng away. Before attacking, Tàizǔ from beginning to end sent Yīn Shǔ, Zhū Gě, and others with altogether twelve battalions to join Huǎng. The rebels at the head of the barricades had a camp, and also separate camp at Sìzhǒng. Huǎng raised news that he was about to attack the barricades’ head camp, but secretly attacked Sìzhǒng. [Guān] Yǔ saw Sìzhǒng was about to be destroyed, and personally led infantry and cavalry 5000 out to battle. Huǎng attacked them and they retreated and fled, and he pursued and charged into and entered the barricades, defeated them, and some threw themselves into the Miǎn river and died.
Tàizǔ’s order said: “The rebel’s barricades and moats and deer-horn walls were ten times thick, but you General led battle to total victory, and then charged the rebel camp, and beheaded many bandits. I have led troops for over 30 years, and those I have heard of the ancient excellent leaders of troops, there has never been one who charged straight into the enemy barricades. Moreover the siege of Fán and Xiāngyáng surpassed those of Jǔ and Jímò. Your achievement General surpasses Sūn Wǔ and Rángjū.”
Huǎng roused the army and returned to Móbēi. Tàizǔ welcomed Huǎng seven lǐ away, and set up wine and a great banquet. Tàizǔ raised the goblet of wine to praise Huǎng, and also commemorate him, saying: “The preservation of Fán and Xiāngyáng is your achievement, General.”
At the time the various armies had all gathered, Tàizǔ inspected and toured the various camps, and the soldiers all left their lines to see him, but Huǎng’s army camps were ordered and neat and officers and soldiers remained in line without moving. Tàizǔ sighed and said: “General Xú can be said to have Zhōu Yàfū’s manner.”
When Wén-dì [Cáo Pī] ascended as King , he appointed Huǎng as General of the Right, and advanced his fief to Marquis of Lù village. At the ascension to the Throne, he was advanced to Marquis of Yáng. With Xiàhóu Shàng he suppressed Liú Bèi at Shàngyōng, and defeated him. Huǎng defended Yángpíng, and was moved in fief to Marquis of Yángpíng.
When Míng-dì [Cáo Ruì] ascended , he resisted Wú General Zhūgě Jǐn at Xiāngyáng. His fief was increased by 200, added to the previous to 3100 households.
He was critically ill, and his final will ordered reduced time of mourning.
By nature he was sparing and cautious, as a General he always sent distant scouts, first considering [all possible reasons he might] not be victorious, and then afterward doing battle, pursing the fleeing and striving for success, and his troops were too busy to eat. He often sighed and said: “The ancient peoples feared to not find an enlightened lord. Now by good fortune I have encountered him, and must always with achievements give as my repayment, so how is it for my own reputation?” So to the end he did not curry favor or seek assistance.
Tàihé Inaugural Year  he died. Posthumous name Zhuàng-hóu “Robust Marquis.” His son Gě succeeded. Gě died, and his son Bà succeeded.
Míng-dì divided Huǎng’s fief to make a son and a grandson two men Ranked Marquis.
Previously, Qīnghé’s Zhū Líng was Yuán Shào’s General. In Tàizǔ’s campaign against Táo Qiān, [Yuán] Shào sent Líng to command 3 battalions to assist Tàizǔ and in battle had achievements. The various Generals that Shào had sent each went back to join him, but Líng said: “I have observed many people, but none like Excellency Cáo [Cāo]. This is a true enlightened ruler. Now that I have already encountered him, how can I go back?” Therefore he remained and would not go. The officers and soldiers admired him, and all joined Líng in remaining.
Líng afterward then became a great General, his reputation second only to Huǎng and the others, and he reached General of the Rear with fief as Marquis of Gāotáng precinct. (1)
- (1) Jiǔzhōu Chūnqiū states: Previously, Qīnghé’s Jì Yōng led Shū in rebelling against Yuán Shào and surrendering to Gōngsūn Zàn, and [Gōngsūn] Zàn sent troops to defend him. [Yuán] Shào sent Líng to attack him. Líng’s family was inside the city, and [Gōngsūn] Zàn ordered Líng’s younger brother of the same mother to be placed atop the city walls, to entice and call to Líng. Líng looked to the city and wept and said: “I have already given myself to others, so how can I again look back to my family?” Therefore he with strength battled and overcame them, capturing alive [Jì] Yōng, but Líng’s family all died.
- Wèishū states: Líng appellation Wénbó. When Tàizǔ pacified Jìzhōu, he sent Líng to lead new troops 5000 men and cavalry 1000 to defend Xǔ’s south. Tàizǔ warned him: “These Jìzhōu new troops have repeatedly required lenient treatment, have temporarily been organized, but their intentions tend toward discontentment. Your reputation is foremost that of strict authority, but be good at using principle to be lenient with them, otherwise there will be a change.” When Líng reached Yángdí, Internal Gentleman-General Chéng Áng and others indeed rebelled, and he beheaded Áng and reported the news. Tàizǔ hand wrote a letter: “Among troops what is the most dangerous is while outside facing the enemy state, inside there are treacherous plots and unexpected changes. In the past Dèng Yǔ divided Guāng-Wǔ’s army to go west, but there was the disaster of Zōng Xīn and Féng Yīn, and afterward he led only twenty-four riders back to Luòyáng, but was this enough to degrade him? Your arriving letter was earnest and sorrowful, and greatly claimed blame for mistakes, but you did not need to speak like that.” When Wén-dì [Cáo Pī] ascended, he gave fief to Líng as Marquis of Shū, and increased his households revenue. Imperial Order said: “You General assisted the commands of the Former Emperor, managed troops for successive years, authority surpassing Fāng[shū] and Shào[hǔ], achievements exceeding [Marquis of] Jiàng [Zhōu Bó] and Guàn Yīng. Preserving the greatness of your portrait, would that even be enough? We have received Heaven’s Mandate, becoming Emperor Within the Seas, and all Generals of founding achievements and Ministers of the State Altars all with Us share good fortune and together celebrate, and will be passed down in remembrance without end. Now you are given fief as Marquis of Shū. Gaining riches and honor but not returning to one’s home town is like in the night traveling in embroidered clothes. If you have always had a wish, may you not hesitate to speak.” Líng thanked and said: “Gāotáng is what I desire.” Therefore his fief was changed to Marquis of Gāotáng. He died, posthumous name Wēi-hóu “Authoritative Marquis.”