Sūn Hé 孫河 [Bóhǎi 伯海]
Sūn Sháo appellation Gōnglǐ.
His father’s elder brother [Sūn] Hé, appellation Bóhǎi, original surname Yú, was also a Wú man. Sūn Cè favored him, and bestowed on him the surname Sūn, including him in the clan registers. (1) Later he became a General, garrisoning Jīngchéng.
- Wúshū “History Book of Wú” states: Hé was [Sūn] Jiān’s distant cousin’s son, adopted out to his aunt lady Yú, and later changed back his surname to Sūn. Hé by nature was loyal and upright, slow with words but quick with action, had imposing presence, and was capable of diligence. When young he followed [Sūn] Jiān on campaign, always serving on the front lines, later commanding the personal attendant troops, managing and knowing inner affairs, attending with appointments of innermost confidence. He also followed [Sūn] Cè in pacifying Wú and Kuài[jī], and followed [Sūn] Quán in attacking Lǐ Shù, [Lǐ] Shù was defeated, and he was appointed Intimidating Bandits Internal Gentleman-General, with office as Administrator of Lújiāng.
Previously, Sūn Quán killed Administrator of Wú Shèng Xiàn. (1)
- Kuàijī Diǎnlù states: [Shèng] Xiàn appellation Xiàozhāng, was tolerant and elegant, nominated as Filial and Incorrupt candidates, filled vacancy as Secretariat Gentleman, was promoted to Administrator of Wújùn, and due to illness left office. Sūn Cè pacified Wú and Kuài[jī], executing their powerful figures, and as [Shèng] Xiàn had high reputation, [Sūn] Cè deeply dreaded him. Previously, [Shèng] Xiàn and Minister Treasurer Kǒng Róng was friendly, [Kǒng] Róng worried he would not be able to escape disaster, and therefore wrote letter to Excellency Cáo: “Years and moons do not stand still, time flows by, the fiftieth year suddenly arrives. Your Excellency has newly reached that age, and I have passed it by two. Within the seas the knowledgeable and wise, are scattered and nearly wiped out, only Kuàijī’s Shèng [Xiàn] Xiàozhāng is still here. This man is hard-pressed by the Sūn clan, his wife and children are buried and gone, completely alone he stands, alone in danger and distress, and if worry could harm men, then this master cannot last many more years. The Chūnqiūzhuàn states: ‘The various lords had those destroying each other, Huán-gōng could not save them, and so Huán-gōng was ashamed.’ Now [Shèng Xiàn] Xiàozhāng is truly a stalwart hero, the realm Under Heaven’s literary scholars depend on his great reputation, but his body cannot escape the distant danger, his life will without warning end some day or night, and so [in this situation] my ancestor [Kǒng-zǐ] would never again have discussed the value of friendship, and that is why Zhū Mù cut off all his relations. If your Excellency could swiftly send one armored messenger, with a personal letter, then [Shèng Xiàn] Xiàozhāng could be saved, and the path to friendship be fulfilled. The present youth enjoy insulting their elders, and some have ridiculed and slandered [Shèng Xiàn] Xiàozhāng, but [Shèng Xiàn] Xiàozhāng truly is a great name in the realm Under Heaven, and all the governors of the people together praise him and sigh. The ruler of Yān bought the bones of fine horses, not because he wished to ride them, but in order to understand how to find strong legs [of horses]. Your Excellency hopes to rectify and restore the Hàn House, the Ancestral Altars are about to be ended, but you can restore it, and the way to restore it, is absolutely to obtain the worthy. Pearls and jade have no legs but arrive themselves, because people enjoy them, so is it not all the more for the worthy who have legs? [Yān] Zhāo-wáng built a tower to honor Guō Wěi, and though [Guō] Wěi was of small ability, but he had a great encounter, and indeed this made known the enlightened ruler’s intentions, and therefore Yuè Yì left Wèi, Jù Xīn left Zhào, and Zōu Yǎn left Qí. If Guō Wěi had been detained and [Zhāo]-wáng did not resolve it, or faced danger and [Zhāo]-wáng did not rescue him, then other scholars would also have flown far away, and none would have headed north on the road to Yān. All that I have said, your Excellency understands, but I say it, hoping that your Excellency will seriously consider its meanings, and so not neglect it.” Therefore he was recruited as Cavalry Commandant. The orders had not yet arrived, and indeed he was by [Sūn] Quán killed. His son [Shèng] Kuāng fled to Wèi, and his rank reached Eastern Campaign Major.
[Shèng] Xiàn’s former Filial and Incorrupt candidates Guī Lǎn and Dài Yuán fled to hide in the mountains. Sūn Yì became [Administrator of] Dānyáng, and with courtesy received them. [Guī] Lǎn became Chief Regional Commander to lead troops, and [Dài] Yuán became the prefecture Deputy. When [Sūn] Yì was murdered, Hé urgently went to Wǎnlíng, angrily blaming [Guī] Lǎn and [Dài] Yuán, that because they could not maintain authority, they allowed treachery to occur. The two men planned together: “[Sūn Hé] Bóhǎi and the General [Sūn Yì] were distant, but he still blames us. If [General] Suppressing Bandits [Sūn Quán] comes, then we will have no escape.” Therefore they killed Hé, and sent messengers north to invite Inspector of Yángzhōu Liú Fù, asking him to occupy Lìyáng, so that they could lead Dānyáng to welcome him. At the time [Sūn] Yì’s banner subordinates Xú Yuán, Sūn Gāo, Fù Yīng, and others killed [Guī] Lǎn and [Dài] Yuán. (2)
- Wúlì states: Guī Lǎn and Dài Yuán was close to Biàn Hóng and others, were repeatedly by [Sūn] Yì hard pressed, always wished to rebel, and because Wú-zhǔ [Sūn Quán] was out on campaign, therefore they planned treachery. At the time the various county Magistrates and Chiefs were all gathering for a meeting with [Sūn] Yì, and [Sūn] Yì because his wife lady Xú understood divination, [Sūn] Yì entered to say to Xú: “Tomorrow I wish to host the chief officials, and ask you to divine it.” Xú said: “The divination is not good, you must change it to another day.” [Sūn] Yì because the chief officials had come for a long time, and should be quickly sent back, therefore greatly gathered guests. [Sūn] Yì went about always with a sword, but at the time he was drunk, and empty handed he sent out the guests, and [Biàn] Hóng followed behind and cut at [Sūn] Yì, the prefecture was in chaos, no one rescued [Sūn] Yì, and therefore he was by [Biàn] Hóng killed, who escaped and fled into the mountains. Lady Xú recruited and sent pursuers, and in the night they captured him. [Guī] Lǎn and [Dài] Yuán put all the blame on and killed [Biàn] Hóng. The various officers all knew what [Guī] Lǎn and [Dài] Yuán had done, but their strength was not enough to punish them. [Guī] Lǎn entered the residence and army offices, took all of [Sūn] Yì’s concubines and servants to attend to himself, and wished to also take Xú. She was afraid she would be killed if she resisted, and therefore pretended to agree: “I ask to wait until the moon’s end to finish sacrifices and then change from my [mourning] clothes.” At the time the moon was almost over, and [Guī] Lǎn agreed to wait for sacrifices to finish. Xú secretly sent trusted messengers to speak with [Sūn] Yì’s trusted former officers Sūn Gāo, Fù Yīng, and others, saying: “[Guī] Lǎn has already seized all the concubines, and now he also wishes to force me, so outwardly I am permitting it, hoping to reassure him to escape harm and that is all. I wish to establish a plan, and hope you two sirs will take pity and rescue me.” [Sūn] Gāo and [Fù] Yīng went and answered: “We received the lord’s favor, but the reason we did not die for him, was because it would have been to die for nothing, and we wished to carefully make a plan, but the plan was not yet settled, so we did not dare inform you madame. Today’s affairs, is exactly what we had day and night hoped for.” Therefore they secretly called on [Sūn] Yì’s former attendants and followers of over twenty people, told them Xú’s intentions, and together they swore alliance and plotted together. At the final day, the sacrifices were complete, and lady Xù wept to the ending of mourning, then changed her clothes, washed and perfumed herself, went to another house, changed the curtains and banners, spoke and laughed happily, showing no appearance of sorrow. Everyone else great and small were grieved, and were bewildered by this. [Guī] Lǎn secretly watched, and so had no doubts. Xú called on [Sūn] Gāo and [Fù] Yīng with the various maidservants to hide inside the house, sent someone to tell [Guī] Lǎn, that she had already removed the mourning clothes and changed to joyous clothes, and was only waiting for his commands. [Guī] Lǎn happily entered, and Xú went out of the house to pay respects. As [Guī] Lǎn received one bow, Xú also shouted out: “You two can start!” [Sūn] Gāo and [Fù] Yīng both went out, and together killed [Guī] Lǎn, and the other men at once went out and killed [Dài] Yuán. The madame then changed back to her mourning clothes, and presented the heads of [Guī] Lǎn and [Dài] Yuán as sacrifices to [Sūn] Yì’s tomb. The entire army was astonished, and believed she was miraculous. Wú-zhǔ [Sūn Quán] arrived, and exterminated the clans of [Guī] Lǎn and [Dài] Yuán and their remaining followers, promoted [Sūn] Gāo and [Fù] Yīng to the Ivory Gate, and the rest were all bestowed with gold and silk, and special honors for their households.
Sháo was seventeen years, collected Hé’s remaining armies, repaired Jīngchéng, raised watch towers, and made weapons and preparations against enemies. [Sūn] Quán heard of the chaos, and from Jiāoqiū returned, passing by and settling Dānyáng, and leading the army back to Wú. In the night he reached Jīngchéng’s lower camps, feigned attack to startle them, and the troops all mounted the city walls to spread alarm and preparations, the sound shook the ground, they shot arrows at outside people, and [Sūn] Quán sent messengers to inform them and they stopped. The next day he met Sháo, was deeply impressed with him, and appointed him Continuing Fierceness Colonel, succeeding command of Hé’s personal troops, with supplies from Qū’ē and Dāntú, two counties, and authority to personally appoint chief officials, just like Hé did before. Later he became Administrator of Guǎnglíng, and Assistant General.
[221, Sūn] Quán became King of Wú, and promoted him to Raising Authority General, with fief as Marquis of Jiàndé. [229, Sūn] Quán claimed Imperial Title, and he became Northern Defense General. Sháo was a border General for several tens of years, was good at caring for soldiers, obtaining their to-the-death strength. He always was alert of the border and sent distant scouts in his matters, was first to know of activity and make preparations for it, and therefore he was rarely defeated. People from Qīng, Xú, Rǔ, and Pèi came to join him, and south of the Huái the riverfront camps afterward all had troops having to travel far, and the lands of the Xú, Sì, Jiāng, and Huái, did not have residents for several hundreds of lǐ.
From when [Sūn] Quán campaigned west, returning the capital to Wǔchāng, Sháo had not advanced to meet for over ten years. [Sūn] Quán returned to Jiànyè, then he could obtain Court audience. [Sūn] Quán asked [Sūn Sháo] about Qīng and Xú’s various camps conditions, the number of troops and horses near and far, the surname and name of the Wèi Generals and officers, and all of these he knew, and every question he answered. He was eight chǐ [~1.85m] tall, and his appearance was completely elegant. [Sūn] Quán happily said: “For a long time I had not met Gōnglǐ, and did not expect he could have grown this much.” He was increased in office to Governor of Yōuzhōu, with Acting Staff of Authority. Chìwū fourth year  he died.
His son [Sūn] Yuè succeeded, reaching Right General. [Sūn] Yuè’s elder brother [Sūn] Kǎi was Martial Guard General-in-Chief, Marquis of Línchéng, and succeeded [Sūn] Yuè as Commander of Jīngxià. [Sūn] Kǎi’s younger brothers [Sūn] Yì reached Commanding Army General, [Sūn] Yì reached Minister of the Imperial Clan, and [Sūn] Huī Administrator of Wǔlíng.
Tiānxǐ Inaugural Year , [Sūn] Kǎi was Elite Cavalry General Defending Below the Palace. Previously Yǒng’ān bandit Shī Dàn and others seized [Sūn] Hào’s younger brother [Sūn] Qiān, attacked Jiànyè, and someone reported [Sūn] Kǎi was undecided and did not immediately go attack, and [Sūn] Hào repeatedly investigated [Sūn] Kǎi. [Sūn] Kǎi was always terrified, and in the end was summoned, and therefore he led his wives and children and personal troops of several hundred men to join Jìn, and Jìn appointed him Chariots and Cavalry General, with fief as Marquis of Dānyáng. (1)
- Jìn Zhūgōng Zàn states: Wú was pacified, he was demoted to Crossing the Liáo General, and Yǒng’ān first year  he died.
- Wúlù states: [Sūn] Kǎi in managing affairs orderly did not match Sūn Xiù, but his reputation among men surpassed him.