(53.2) Yán Jùn 嚴畯 [Màncái 曼才]

Yán Jùn appellation Màncái was a Péngchéng man. When young he indulged in study, enjoyed the Shī, Shū, the Three , and also liked the Shuōwén. He fled the chaos to the Jiāng’s east, with Zhūgě Jǐn and Bù Zhì were of equal reputation and friendly. By nature he was upright and genuine and generous, in his dealings with other people, he gave loyal advice and good guidance, his ambition to provide benefit. Zhāng Zhāo recommended him to Sūn Quán, and [Sūn] Quán appointed him Cavalry Commandant and Attending Official Internal Cadet. When General Across the Jiāng Lǔ Sù died, [Sūn] Quán had Jùn succeed [Lǔ] Sù, to command troops of ten thousand men, and defend and occupy Lùkǒu. Everyone was all for Jùn happy, but Jùn from beginning to end firmly declined: “I am a plain and simple bookworm, do not understand military affairs, and am not talented to occupy this, and misfortune and regret will certainly arrive.” His speech was passionate, even to shedding tears, (1) and [Sūn] Quán therefore listened. At the time people praised his ability to be honest and decline.


  • (1) Zhìlín states: [Sūn] Quán also tested Jùn’s riding, and when mounting horse he fell from the saddle.

〔一〕 志林曰:權又試畯騎,上馬墮鞍。

[Sūn] Quán became King of Wú, and reaching his claim of Imperial Title, Jùn always was Minister of the Guard, sent as envoy to Shǔ, and Shǔ Chancellor Zhūgě Liàng was very friendly with him. He did not gather salary and bestowments, all distributing it to his relatives and old friends, and his family was always lacking.


Guǎnglíng’s Liú Yǐng with Jùn had old relations, [Liú] Yǐng had elite learning in his hometown, [Sūn] Quán heard of and summoned him, but claiming illness he did not accept. His younger brother [Liú] Lüè was Línglíng Administrator, and died in office. [Liú] Yǐng went to visit the funeral, [Sūn] Quán became aware of his feigning illness, and quickly sent relay message to arrest him. Jùn also urgently warned [Liú] Yǐng, to have him return to apologize to [Sūn] Quán. [Sūn] Quán was furious and dismissed Jùn, but [Liú] Yǐng obtained pardon for his crime. Long after this, Jùn was appointed Secretariat Director, and later died. (2)


  • (2) Wúshū states: Jùn at the time was seventy eight years, and had two sons [Yán] Kǎi and [Yán] Shuǎng. [Yán] Kǎi’s office reached Ascending Level Minister Treasurer.

〔二〕 吳書曰:晙時年七十八,二子凱、爽。凱官至升平少府。

Jùn wrote a Xiàojīng Zhuàn, Cháoshuǐ Lùn and also with Péi Xuán and Zhāng Chéng discussed Guǎn Zhòng and Jì Lù, and all were passed through the generations. [Péi] Xuán appellation Yànhuáng was a Xiàpī man, he also had scholarship and conduct, and his office reached Grand Internal Grandee. He asked his son [Péi] Qīn on Qí [Duke] Huán, Jìn [Duke] Wén, Yí, Huì, four people’s merits and faults, and [Péi] Qīn’s answer of his perspective, with [Péi] Xuán were completely opposite, but each had learned reasoning. [Péi] Qīn with the Heir-Apparent [Sūn] Dēng traveled and resided together, and [Sūn] Dēng praised his calligraphy.


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