(53.2) Yán Jùn 嚴畯 [Màncái 曼才]

Yán Jùn appellation Màncái was a Péngchéng man. When young he indulged in study, enjoyed the Shī, Shū, the Three , and also liked the Shuōwén. He fled the chaos to the Jiāng’s east, with Zhūgě Jǐn and Bù Zhì were of equal reputation and friendly. By nature he was upright and genuine and generous, in his dealings with other people, he gave loyal advice and good guidance, his ambition to provide benefit. Zhāng Zhāo recommended him to Sūn Quán, and [Sūn] Quán appointed him Cavalry Commandant and Attending Official Internal Cadet. When General Across the Jiāng Lǔ Sù died, [Sūn] Quán had Jùn succeed [Lǔ] Sù, to command troops of ten thousand men, and defend and occupy Lùkǒu. Everyone was all for Jùn happy, but Jùn from beginning to end firmly declined: “I am a plain and simple bookworm, do not understand military affairs, and am not talented to occupy this, and misfortune and regret will certainly arrive.” His speech was passionate, even to shedding tears, (1) and [Sūn] Quán therefore listened. At the time people praised his ability to be honest and decline.

嚴畯字曼才,彭城人也。少耽學,善詩、書、三禮,又好說文。避亂江東,與諸葛瑾、步騭齊友善。性質直純厚,其於人物,忠告善道,志存補益。張昭進之於孫權,權以為騎都尉、從事中郎。及橫江將軍魯肅卒,權以畯代肅,督兵萬人,鎮據陸口。眾人咸為畯喜,畯前後固辭:「樸素書生,不閑軍事,非才而據,咎悔必至。」發言慷慨,至於流涕,〔一〕權乃聽焉。世嘉其能以實讓。

  • (1) Zhìlín states: [Sūn] Quán also tested Jùn’s riding, and when mounting horse he fell from the saddle.

〔一〕 志林曰:權又試畯騎,上馬墮鞍。

[Sūn] Quán became King of Wú, and reaching his claim of Imperial Title, Jùn always was Minister of the Guard, sent as envoy to Shǔ, and Shǔ Chancellor Zhūgě Liàng was very friendly with him. He did not gather salary and bestowments, all distributing it to his relatives and old friends, and his family was always lacking.

權為吳王,及稱尊號,畯嘗為衛尉,使至蜀,蜀相諸葛亮深善之。不畜祿賜,皆散之親戚知故,家常不充。

Guǎnglíng’s Liú Yǐng with Jùn had old relations, [Liú] Yǐng had elite learning in his hometown, [Sūn] Quán heard of and summoned him, but claiming illness he did not accept. His younger brother [Liú] Lüè was Línglíng Administrator, and died in office. [Liú] Yǐng went to visit the funeral, [Sūn] Quán became aware of his feigning illness, and quickly sent relay message to arrest him. Jùn also urgently warned [Liú] Yǐng, to have him return to apologize to [Sūn] Quán. [Sūn] Quán was furious and dismissed Jùn, but [Liú] Yǐng obtained pardon for his crime. Long after this, Jùn was appointed Secretariat Director, and later died. (2)

廣陵劉穎與畯有舊,穎精學家巷,權聞徵之,以疾不就。其弟略為零陵太守,卒官,穎往赴喪,權知其詐病,急驛收錄。畯亦馳語穎,使還謝權。權怒廢畯,而穎得免罪。久之,以畯為尚書令,後卒。〔二〕

  • (2) Wúshū states: Jùn at the time was seventy eight years, and had two sons [Yán] Kǎi and [Yán] Shuǎng. [Yán] Kǎi’s office reached Ascending Level Minister Treasurer.

〔二〕 吳書曰:晙時年七十八,二子凱、爽。凱官至升平少府。


Jùn wrote a Xiàojīng Zhuàn, Cháoshuǐ Lùn and also with Péi Xuán and Zhāng Chéng discussed Guǎn Zhòng and Jì Lù, and all were passed through the generations. [Péi] Xuán appellation Yànhuáng was a Xiàpī man, he also had scholarship and conduct, and his office reached Grand Internal Grandee. He asked his son [Péi] Qīn on Qí [Duke] Huán, Jìn [Duke] Wén, Yí, Huì, four people’s merits and faults, and [Péi] Qīn’s answer of his perspective, with [Péi] Xuán were completely opposite, but each had learned reasoning. [Péi] Qīn with the Heir-Apparent [Sūn] Dēng traveled and resided together, and [Sūn] Dēng praised his calligraphy.

畯著孝經傳、潮水論,又與裴玄、張承論管仲、季路,皆傳於世。玄字彥黃,下邳人也,亦有學行,官至太中大夫。問子欽齊桓、晉文、夷、惠四人優劣,欽答所見,與玄相反覆,各有文理。欽與太子登游處,登稱其翰采。

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