(51.8) Sūn Kuāng 孫匡 [Jìzuǒ 季佐]

Sūn Kuāng appellation Jìzuǒ was [Sūn] Yì’s younger brother. He was nominated as Filial and Incorrupt candidate and Abundant Talent candidate, but was not yet tested and employed, and died, at the time over twenty years. (1) His son [Sūn] Tài was the Cáo clan’s sister’s son, and was Cháng River Colonel. Jiāhé Third Year [234] he accompanied [Sūn] Quán in besieging Xīnchéng, and was struck by a stray arrow and died. [Sūn] Tài’s son [Sūn] Xiù was Front General and Xiàkǒu Commander. [Sūn] Xiù was the Ruling House’s close kin, and wielded troops outside, and [Sūn] Hào’s thoughts could not be at ease. Jiànhéng Second Year, [Sūn] Hào sent Hé Dìng to command 5000 men to Xiàkǒu to hunt. Before this, among the people all said [Sūn] Xiù would be plotted against, and [Hé] Dìng from afar came hunting, [Sūn] Xiù therefore was frightened, and in the night led his wives and children and personal troops of several hundred men to flee to Jìn. Jìn appointed [Sūn] Xiù as Elite Cavalry General, Rites Equal to the Three Excellencies, with fief as Kuàijī Duke. (2)

孫匡字季佐,翊弟也。舉孝廉茂才,未試用,卒,時年二十餘。〔一〕子泰,曹氏之甥也,為長水校尉。嘉禾三年,從權圍新城,中流矢死。泰子秀為前將軍、夏口督。秀公室至親,握兵在外,皓意不能平。建衡二年,皓遣何定將五千人至夏口獵。先是,民閒僉言秀當見圖,而定遠獵,秀遂驚,夜將妻子親兵數百人奔晉。晉以秀為驃騎將軍、儀同三司,封會稽公。〔二〕

  • (1) Jiāngbiǎozhuàn states: Cáo Xiū set out against Dòngkǒu, Lǚ Fàn led his army to resist him. At the time [Sūn] Kuāng was Settling Martial Internal Cadet General, and violated [Lǚ] Fàn’s order setting fire, burning and destroying reeds and weeds, so there was lacking for military use, [Lǚ] Fàn immediately reported and sent [Sūn] Kuāng back to Wú. [Sūn] Quán expelled his clan to the Dīng clan, and imprisoned him to the end of his life.
  • Your Servant Sōngzhī comments: The base biography states: “[Sūn] Kuāng was not yet tested and employed, and died, at the time over twenty years, but Jiāngbiǎozhuàn says that Lǚ Fàn was at Dòngkǒu, and [Sūn] Kuāng was Setting Martial Internal Cadet General. If he was Settling Martial, then it was not that he was not yet tested and employed. Moreover Sūn Jiān in Chūpíng Second Year [191] died, the Dòngkǒu campaign was at Huángchū Third Year [222], [Sūn] Jiān died at thirty-one years, [Sūn] Kuāng at the time if was yet there, then the biography could not say at the time he died he was over twenty. This should be [Sūn] Quán’s separately born younger brother [Sūn] Lǎng, Jiāngbiǎozhuàn mistakes it as [Sūn] Kuāng. For [Sūn] Lǎng’s reputation and rank see Sānchāolù and Yú Xǐ’s Zhìlín.

〔一〕 江表傳曰:曹休出洞口,呂範率軍禦之。時匡為定武中郎將,(遣)〔違〕範令放火,燒損茅芒,以乏軍用,範即啟送匡還吳。權別其族為丁氏,禁固終身。臣松之案本傳曰:「匡未試用卒,時年二十餘。」而江表傳云呂範在洞口,匡為定武中郎將。既為定武,非為未試用。且孫堅以初平二年卒,洞口之役在黃初三年,堅卒至此合三十一年,匡時若尚在,本傳不得云卒時年二十餘也。此蓋權別生弟朗,江表傳誤以為匡也。朗之名位見三朝錄及虞喜志林也。

  • (2) Jiāngbiǎozhuàn states: [Sūn] Hào was greatly furious, and changed [Sūn] Xiù’s surname to Lì.
  • Gān Bǎo’s Jìnjì states: [Sūn] Xiù was at the Jìn Court, first heard that [Sūn] Hào had surrendered, the various ministers sent congratulations, but [Sūn] Xiù claimed illness and would not meet, and facing south wept and said: “In the past [General] Suppressing Rebels [Sūn Cè] was capped and as one Colonel began the enterprise, and now the Later Ruler raises the Jiāng’s south and abandons it, our Ancestral Temples and Tombs, from this are to become ruins. Everlasting Blue Heaven, what man it this!” The Court praised him.
  • Jìn Zhūgōng Zàn states: Wú was pacified, and he was demoted to Overcoming Waves General, with Office Staff as before. During Yǒngníng [301-302] died, and was posthumously Elite Cavalry [General] With Office. His son [Sūn] Jiǎn, appellation Zhòngjié, was a Giving Affairs Central.

  〔二〕 江表傳曰:皓大怒,追改秀姓曰厲。干寶晉紀曰:秀在晉朝,初聞皓降,群臣畢賀,秀稱疾不與,南向流涕曰:「昔討逆弱冠以一校尉創業,今後主舉江南而棄之,宗廟山陵,於此為墟。悠悠蒼天,此何人哉!」朝廷美之。晉諸公贊曰:吳平,降為伏波將軍,開府如故。永寧中卒,追贈驃騎、開府。子儉,字仲節,給事中。

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