At Hàn’s end, Liáoxī’s Wūhuán Chieftain Qiūlìjū, with horde of over 5000 tribes, Shànggǔ’s Wūhuán Chieftain Nánlóu, with horde of over 9000 tribes, each were declared King, but Liáodōng Dependent State’s Wūhuán Chieftain Sūpúyán, with horde of over 1000 tribes, declared himself King of Qiào, Yòuběipíng’s Wūhuán Chieftain Wūyán, with horde of over 800 tribes, declared himself King of Hànlǔ, and all had strategy and valor. Zhōngshān Administrator Zhāng Chún rebelled and entered into Qiūlìjiū’s horde, declaring himself Filling Heaving King of Āndìng, and was the three prefectures’ Wūhuán’s overall commander, plundering Qīng, Xú, Yōu, and Jì four provinces, killing and robbing officials and people.
At Líng-dì [Liú Hóng]’s end, Liú Yú was appointed Provincial Governor, and he recruited Hú and beheaded [Zhāng] Chún, and the northern provinces therefore were settled. Later Qiūlìjū died, his son Lóubān was young, his cousin’s son Tàdùn had military strategy, and succeeded position, assembling and absorbing the three Kings’ divisions, and the hordes all followed his instructions and orders. Yuán Shào with Gōngsūn Zàn continuously battled without resolution, Tàdùn sent envoy to visit [Yuán] Shào to ask for marriage alliance, assisted [Yuàn] Shào in striking [Gōngsūn] Zàn, and defeated him. [Yuán] Shào faked Imperial Regulation to bestow on Tàdùn, the King of Qiào, and King of Hànlǔ seals and ribbons, all as Shànyú. (1)
- (1) Yīngxióngjì states: [Yuán] Shào sent envoy immediately to appoint the Wūhuán’s three Kings as Shànyú, all with Secure Chariot, Flowery Canopy, Feather Banners, Yellow Rooms, and Left Fans. The register writing said: “Envoy Wielding Staff, General-in-Chief, Commander of Yōu, Qīng, Bìng, with office as Jì Province Governor, and Ruǎn village Marquis [Yuán] Shào, conveys Regulation and Imperial Order on Liáodōng Dependent State’s leader of hordes King Bānxià, Wūhuán Liáoxī’s leader of hordes King Tàdùn, Yòuběipíng’s leader of hordes King Hànlúwéi: Your ancestors admired righteousness and moved to the good, called at the passes to come inside and submit, to the north warding off the Xiǎnyǔn, to the east resisting the Huìmò, for generations defending the northern frontiers, to for the common people be safeguard, and although at times violated the Ruler to plunder, so order was given to offices to campaign to punish crime, always it was not for a long time, to regret transgression and reform, so compared against the outer Yí they were the most intelligent and kind. In the beginning there thousands of chiefs, hundreds of chiefs together leading, using ability to all then know heart, overcome with achievements and strength for the state, and gradually received appointments as Kings and Marquis. Since our Ruling House had many problems, Gōngsūn Zàn created trouble, killing the leaders of the Yí lands, and so insulting Heaven and disrespecting Ruler, and therefore within the Four Seas, all grasped shield and spear to protect the State Altars. The Three Kings exerted aura in their inherited lands, angered at treachery and anxious for the state, drawing bow string to with Hàn’s troops join together, truly with extreme loyalty and filial piety, what the Court praises. However tigers and long serpents, follow each other blocking the roads, so the Ruler’s orders of rank and title, were blocked and not heard. To have merits not rewarded, is to cause the industrious to become negligent. Now sending Acting Visitor Yáng Lín, to present Shànyú’s seal and ribbon and chariots and robes, to answer your toils. Each soothe and calm your tribes, instructing them to be prudent, to have no action of viciousness or evil thought. For generations again maintain sacrifices, and expand as the chief of the hundred foreigners. If there are faults and not correct, it will remove your fortunes, and lessen your contributions, how can you not exhort yourselves! Wūhuán Shànyú command and protect the divisions of hordes, the Left and Right Shànyú receive his directives, the rest following precedents.”
Later Lóubān grew up, and the King of Qiào led his division horde to honor Lóubān as Shànyú, with Tàdùn as King. However Tàdùn had many strategies. Guǎngyáng’s Yán Róu, when young was lost among the Wūhuán and Xiānbēi, and was by the tribe he joined trusted. [Yán] Róu therefore borrowed Xiānbēi armies, killed the Wūhuán Colonel Xíng Jǔ and replaced him, and [Yuán] Shào therefore favored and consoled him to secure the northern borders. Later Yuán Shàng was defetaed and fled to Tàdùn, relying on his strength, and again plotted for Jì Province. It happened that Tàizǔ pacified the Hé’s north, and [Yán] Róu led the Xiānbēi and Wūhuán to join him, and therefore [Yán] Róu was appointed Colonel, still Wielding Staff as Hàn’s envoy, headquarters at Guǎngníng as before.
Jiàn’ān Eleventh Year , Tàizǔ personally campaigned against Tàdùn at Liǔchéng, secretly moving army by side roads, and had not yet arrived by over a hundred lǐ, when the caitiffs became aware. [Yuán] Shàng with Tàdùn commanded the armies to oppose and battle at Fánchéng, their troops and horses extremely flourishing. Tàizǔ climbed high and observed the caitiffs lines, restrained the army and did not yet advance, observed their small movements, and therefore struck and defeated their armies, on the battle lines beheading Tàdùn, and the dead covered the fields. Quickly Fùwán [successor to Sūpúyán], Lóubān, and Wūyán and others fled to Liáodōng, and Liáodōng beheaded them all, sending their heads. The rest all surrendered. Then Yōu Province’s and Bìng Province’s Wūhuán led by [Yán] Róu of over 10,000 tribes, all moved their clans to reside in the central states, the commanders following their Marquis and Kings and Chieftains hordes on campaign. Because of this the three prefectures’ Wūhuán became the realm Under Heaven’s famed cavalry. (1)
- (1) Wèilüè states: Jǐngchū Inaugural Year  Autumn, Yōu Province Inspector Guànqiū Jiǎn was sent to lead his armies to suppress Liáodōng. Yòuběipíng’s Wūhuán Shànyú Kòulóudūn, Liáoxī’s Wūhuán Commander and leader of hordes King Hùliúyè, in the past accompanied Yuán Shàng to flee to Liáoxī, heard [Guànqiū] Jiǎn’s army arrived, and led their hordes of over 5000 men to surrender. Kòulóudūn sent his younger brother Āluópán and others to visit the Court to present tribute, and fief was given on their great commanders of over thirty as Kings, bestowed with carriages and horses and silks chosen each on individual basis.