Xiàng Lǎng appellation Jùdá, was a Xiāngyáng Yíchéng man. (1) Jīng Province Liú Biǎo appointed him Línjǔ Chief. [Liú] Biǎo died, and he joined Xiānzhǔ [Liú Bèi]. Xiānzhǔ settled the Jiāng’s south, sending Lǎng as Commander of Zǐguī, Yídào, Wū, Yílíng four counties’ military and civil affairs. When Shǔ was pacified, Lǎng was appointed Bāxī Administrator, shortly afterward transferred to appointment at Zāngkē, also moved to Fánglíng.
- (1) Xiāngyáng Jì states: Lǎng when young took as teacher Sīmǎ Décāo, and with Xú Yuánzhí, Hán Dégāo, and Páng Shìyuán all were close and friendly.
When Hòuzhǔ [Liú Shàn] ascended the throne, he became Infantry Colonel, succeeding Wáng Lián in office as Chancellor’s Chief Clerk. Chancellor [Zhūgě] Liàng campaigned south, and Lǎng remained to govern rear affairs. Fifth Year, he accompanied [Zhūgě] Liàng to Hànzhōng.
Lǎng previously with Mǎ Sù was friendly, [Mǎ] Sù fled away, Lǎng knew the situation but did not report it, [Zhūgě] Liàng resented him, and dismissed him from office and sent him back to Chéngdū. After several years, he became Minister of Merits, and after [Zhūgě] Liàng died he was transferred to Left General, and in recollection and discussion of former achievements, he was given fief as Xiǎnmíng precinct Marquis, with rank as Specially Advanced.
Previously, Lǎng when young although he skimmed through literature, however he did not study the fundamentals, and for his ability as official met with praise. From when he was dismissed from Chief Clerk, he traveled without affairs for almost thirty years, (2) and again concentrated heart on records, diligent and not slacking. At over eighty years, he yet hand checked documents, amending and settling errors, gathering together sheets and scrolls, and at the time had the most. He opened doors to receive guests, instructing and receiving later generations, but only discussing ancient principles, not dealing with the times’ affairs, and for this met with praise. Above from those in office, below to children and capped, all heavily respected him. Yánxī Tenth Year  he died. (3) His son Tiáo succeeded, and during Jǐngyào became Censorate Central Deputy. (4)
- (2) Your Servant Sōngzhī comments: Lǎng in connection to Mǎ Sù was dismissed from Chief Clerk, then this was during Jiànxīng Sixth Year . Lǎng reaching Yánxī Tenth Year  died, altogether this is only twenty years and that is all, this saying of thirty, the writing is in error.
- (3) Xiāngyáng Jì states: Lǎng’s legacy warning words to his son said: “The Zhuàn says armies overcoming is in harmony and not in numbers, this says when Heaven and Earth are in harmony then all things are created, when ruler and servant are in harmony then the state is pacified, when the ninth degree of clan is in harmony then in moving there is obtaining what is sought, in calm there is obtaining security, and therefore sages hold to harmony, by life and by death. I am only Chǔ state’s petty fellow and that is all, but mourned [for parents], and were by two elder brothers raised up, so that my character and conduct did not follow salary and profit and so degenerate. Now I am only poor and that is all; poverty is not for men to worry about, only harmony is precious. You must exhort this!”
- (4) Xiāngyáng Jì states: [Xiàng] Tiáo appellation Wénbào, also for wide study was often noted, and entered Jìn as Jiāngyáng Administrator, South Central Army Major.
Lǎng’s elder brother’s son Chǒng, in Xiānzhǔ’s time was Ivory Gate General. At the Zǐguī defeat, Chǒng’s camp specially survived. Jiànxīng Inaugural Year  he was given fief as a capital precinct Marquis, later becoming Central Division Commander, managing the Night Guard troops. When Zhūgě Liàng was about to go north, he memorialized with Hòuzhǔ saying: “General Xiàng Chǒng, his nature and conduct is virtuous and fair, understands fluently military affairs, was tested and employed in the past, and the Late Emperor praised him as capable, and therefore the masses discussed and nominated Chǒng as Commander. I humbly believe the matters in the camp, all should be consulted with him, and certainly it will be able to cause the march and lines to be harmonious, good and bad obtaining their dues.” He was promoted to Central Manager of the Army. Yánxī Third Year , he campaigned against Hànjiā’s Mányí peoples, and came to harm. Chǒng’s younger brother Chōng, successively was Shooting Sound Colonel and Secretariat. (1)
- (1) Xiāngyáng Jì states: Wèi’s Xiánxī Inaugural Year  Sixth Moon, Defending West General Wèi Guàn reached Chéngdū, obtained jade ring and seal one of each, engraving resembling the words “Chéng Xìn” or “Achieving Faith.” Wèi people announced and showed it to the officials, storing it in the Chancellor of State’s Office. [Xiàng] Chōng heard this and said: “I heard Qiáo Zhōu’s words, that the Former Emperor was named Bèi, this meaning to prepare, and the Later Ruler was named Shàn, this meaning to give, like saying that Liú was already prepared, and would give to another. Now the Central Supporter of the Army is named [Sīmǎ] Yán, and [Shǔ] Hàn’s last year was Yánxīng “Yán Rises”, auspicious sign sent out from Chéngdū, and stored in the Chancellor of State’s Office, this is probably Heaven’s Will.” That year, Chōng was appointed Zǐtóng Administrator, and next year Twelfth Moon Jìn Wǔ-dì [Sīmǎ Yán] took the honored throne, and Yánxīng “Yán Rising” therefore was demonstrated.
- Sūn Shèng states: In the past Gōngsūn [Shù] himself rose in Chéngdū, naming [his state] as the Chéng dynasty. The two jade’s engravings, probably were by [Gōngsūn] Shù made.