Sūn Fèn appellation Zǐyáng, was [Sūn] Bà’s younger brother, his mother called lady Zhòng. Tàiyuán Second Year  he was enthroned as King of Qí, residing at Wǔchāng. [Sūn] Quán died, and Grand Tutor Zhūgě Kè did not wish for the various Kings occupy the Jiāng’s bank soldier and horse territory, and relocated Fèn to Yùzhāng. Fèn was angry, did not obey the order, and also repeatedly violated law.
[Zhūgě] Kè sent up letter remonstrating: “The honor of Emperors and Kings, with Heaven is equal ranked, and therefore take as family the realm Under Heaven, as servants fathers and elder brothers, and within the Four Seas, all are their servants and subjects. When enemies have goodness, they cannot but be nominated; when relatives have evils, they cannot but be punished; therefore carrying on Heaven and managing things, first the state and afterward self, this is how the sagely man establishes regulation, a principle not to change in a hundred ages. In the past at Hàn’s first rise, many Kings were made of sons and younger brothers so that they were too powerful, and then became disobedient, above then almost endangering the State Altars, below then close kin slaughtered each other, and afterward this was warning, to be greatly shunned. From Guāng-Wǔ onward, the various Kings were regulated, only able to amuse themselves within the Palace, unable to oversee people, participate in government affairs, connect with communications, all were heavily forbidden, and therefore they secured peace, and each protected their fortune and reign. This then was the previous age’s proof of gains and losses. Recently Yuán Shào and Liú Biǎo each had states and land, their territory was not narrow, their men and armies were not weak, but their successor and non-successor sons were not distinguished, and therefore exterminated their clan sacrifices. This then the realm Under Heaven’s foolish and wise, all for this sigh in sorrow. The Greatly Departed Imperial Emperor [Sūn Quán] considered the ancients as warnings for the present, guarding against buds and restraining sprouts, pondering a thousand ages. Therefore on the day of lying in illness, he divided and sent the various Kings, each early to return to their states, his Imperial Order tally thoroughly attentive, system of restriction strict and severe, so that it ordered warning, with nothing not utmost, sincerely wishing to above secure the Ancestral Temples, below protect the various Kings, to have succession for a hundred ages, with no regret of destroying state and harming family. You Great King should above consider the will of Tàibó obeying his father, middle study Héjiān King Xiàn[Liú Dé]’s and Dōnghǎi King [Liú] Qiáng’s deferential integrity, and below reduce arrogance and lack of restraint to be alert. Yet one hears since reaching Wǔchāng onward, you repeatedly violate Imperial Order, not confining within regulations, without authority deploying the various officers and troops to manage and protect your Palace and Residences. Your regular attendants and followers have crimes, and should be memorialized report, handed over to managers, but you without authority personally kill, so that matters are not understood and clear. Marshal-in-Chief Lǚ Dài personally received the Late Emperor’s Imperial Order, to support and guide you Great King, but you do not carry on and employ his advice, so that he harbors worry and fear. Huà Qí was the Late Emperor’s close minister, loyal and upright, and his explanations of principle, you should accept and use them, but one hears you are angry at [Huà] Qí, and there is word of his arrest and binding. Also Internal Documents Yáng Róng, personally received Imperial Order, and should be given respect, but you say: ‘I will not listen to restrictions, what can you do to me?’ On the day of hearing this, large and small were startled, and none did not have cold heart. The Lǐyù states: ‘Bright mirror thus shines form, ancient matters thus knows the present.’ You Great King should deeply take the King of Lǔ [Sūn Bà] as warning, change your conduct, with fear and trepidation, thoroughly respect the Court, and by this then no request will be unsuccessful. If you discard and forget the Former Emperor’s laws and teachings, harboring irreverent heart, the ministers and subordinates would rather turn back on you Great King, and not dare turn back on the Former Emperor’s posthumous Imperial Order, would rather be by you Great King blamed and hated, how would they dare forget the honored ruler’s authority, and allow Imperial Order to not be enacted to the vassal state’s ministers? This is ancient and present correct righteousness, and you Great King must know this. Fortune coming has reason, disaster coming is gradual, gradually appearing but not worrying, then one cannot be regretful. If the King of Lǔ [Sūn Bà] had earlier accepted loyal and upright advice, harbored alarmed consideration, he would have enjoyed blessings without exhaustion, how would there have been disaster of destruction? Good medicine is bitter in the mouth, only the ill can sweetly swallow it. Loyal words opposes the ear, only the enlightened are able to accept it. Presently I [Zhūgě] Kè and others respectfully wish for you Great King to remove the sprouts of danger, expand the foundations of good fortune, and therefore do not know if our words have reached, and hope you may reconsider.”
Fèn obtained the letter and was afraid, and therefore moved to Nánchāng, thoroughly immersing in traveling and hunting, and his subordinate officials could not bear his orders. When [Zhūgě] Kè was executed, Fèn was sent down to reside at Wúhú, and wished to go to Jiànyè to observe for changes. Tutor and Chancellor Xiè Cí and others remonstrated Fèn, and Fèn killed them. (1) Because of this he was deposed to commoner, and moved to Zhāng’ān county. Tàipíng Third Year , he was given fief as Marquis of Zhāng’ān. (2)
- (1) [Xiè] Cí appellation Xiàozōng was a Péngchéng man. See Lǐlùn. His compiled Sāngfútú and Biànchú passed through the ages.
- (2) Jiāngbiǎozhuàn records [Sūn] Liàng’s Imperial Order: “King of Qí Fèn for killing officials, was deposed to commoner, repeatedly there were amnesty orders, but he alone was not forgiven, and even if it is not yet appropriate to restore him to King, why not as Marquis? Also the various Sūn clan brothers serve as Generals, lined up along the Jiāng’s bank, why is my elder brother alone like this?” Managers memorialized it could be, and so he was appointed a Marquis.
Jiànéng Second Year , Sūn Hào’s Left consort Wáng died. [Sūn] Hào’s sorrow and mourning was excessive, morning and night he wept, and for several moons did not go out, and because of this among the people some said [Sūn] Hào had died, and wrongly said Fèn or Marquis of Shàngyú [Sūn] Fèng would be enthroned, Fèn’s mother lady Zhòng’s tomb was in Yùzhāng, Yùzhāng Administrator Zhāng Jùn suspected this [enthronement of Sūn Fèn] was probable, and cleaned the graves. [Sūn] Hào heard this, and with chariots tore apart [Zhāng] Jùn, exterminating his clan to the third degree, and executed Fèn and his five sons, state abolished. (1)
- (1) Jiāngbiǎozhuàn states: Yùzhāng officials of ten men begged to die in place of [Zhāng] Jùn, but [Sūn] Hào would not listen. Fèn because of this met with suspicion, he was originally at Zhāng’ān, was moved back to Wúchéng and imprisoned, and his sons and daughters were not allowed to marry, and some were thirty to forty and could not marry. Fèn sent up memorial begging reprieve, comparing himself to a beast, saying he would have his sons and daughters marry each other. [Sūn] Hào was greatly furious, and sent Battle Inspector to present drugs to bestow on Fèn [to commit suicide], Fèn would not accept the drugs, and bowed head a thousand times saying: “I your old servant only wished for my sons to begat children and manage households, have no care for state affairs, and beg for my remaining years.” [Sūn] Hào would not listen, and father and sons all drank drugs and died.
- Your Servant Sōngzhī comments: Jiànhéng Second Year reaching Fén’s death, Sūn Hào’s succession to the throne, was not yet for a long time. If Fèn were not yet suspected before, his sons and daughters would be around twenty, and reaching Fèn’s time of death, they could not be thirty to forty. If previously they were already grown, then at the time if they were not yet married, it could not be because of [Sūn] Hào’s prohibition. This was wishing to increase [Sūn] Hào’s evils, but it cannot be true.